Summary: Addition of allophane, a phosphate-trapping agent, to two different strains of exerted a large stimulatory effect on cephamycin biosynthesis. The biosynthesis of cephamycin is inhibited by inorganic phosphate at concentrations above 5 mM and allophane reversed this inhibitory effect. Allophane-supplemented cultures showed increased activities and/or an extended life in the cell of four cephamycin biosynthetic enzymes: isopenicillin N synthase, the two-protein-component 7α-cephem methoxylase (7α-cephem hydroxylase and 7-hydroxycephem methyltransferase) and 3′-hydroxymethylcephem -carbamoyltransferase. However, the first enzyme of the pathway, lysine 6-aminotransferase, was not stimulated by allophane. Allophane-supplemented cultures showed increased protein levels of (i) α-aminoadipyl-cysteinyl-valine synthetase (the condensing multienzyme that forms the tripeptide intermediate), and (ii) the two proteins involved in the 7α-cephem methoxylase, as shown by immunoblotting with antibodies against each of these proteins. Phosphate repressed the synthesis of these proteins but did not increase their degradation. These results indicated that allophane stimulates expression of the cluster of genes extending from the gene (encoding α-aminoadipyl-cysteinyl-valine synthetase) to (encoding the two-protein methoxylase) and (encoding the -carbamoyltransferase).


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