1887

Abstract

, a serotype strain of mutans streptococci, was grown in an anaerobic glucose-limited chemostat. The molar growth yield of glucose [ , g dry wt (mol glucose)] together with the maximum growth yields ( ) and maintenance coefficients for glucose utilization and calculated ATP generation were estimated as a function of pH. When the pH was lowered from 7.0 to 5.0, decreased, with a concomitant gradual change in the composition of the end product from a mixture of formate, acetate and ethanol to one mostly of lactate. Whereas the for glucose decreased without any change in the for ATP on acidification, both of the maintenance coefficients markedly increased. Kinetic and immunochemical examinations indicated the presence of an FF-type proton-translocating ATPase in the membrane fraction prepared from bacterial cells grown under acidic conditions; no detectable level of the enzyme was found in cells grown at neutral pH. However, when incubated with glucose under non-growing conditions, these acid-adapted and unadapted cells showed an insignificant difference in the ability to maintain the intracellular pH alkaline relative to the acidic environments. These results suggest that the organism responds and adapts to environmental acidification by sacrificing some energy cost in terms of both the efficiency of glucose utilization to generate ATP and the extra maintenance required to continue biomass production as efficiently as under neutral pH.

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1994-08-01
2021-10-21
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