1887

Abstract

Summary: The abilities of 26 marine and 12 other Pseudomonas-like strains of bacteria to grow on single carbon sources, their antibiotic sensitivities and complement of some enzymes of intermediary metabolism were numerically analysed and gave five phenons. Two phenons contained strains with more than 55 mol % GC and were regarded as spp., two were similar to the genus , and one was an intermediate phenon. Tests for identifying such organisms are proposed. Derby & Hammer 1931 and Pivnick 1955 should be considered synonyms of Derby & Hammer comb. nov.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-98-2-439
1977-02-01
2021-10-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/98/2/mic-98-2-439.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-98-2-439&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bagge J., Bagge O. 1956; Vibrio anguillarum as the cause of ulcerous disease in codfish. Nordisk Veterinaermedicin 8:481–492
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Barnes E.M., Melton W. 1971; Extracellular enzymic activity of poultry spoilage bacteria. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 34:599–609
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baumann L., Baumann P. 1973; Enzymes of glucose catabolism in cell-free extracts of non-fermentative marine bacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 19:302–304
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Baumann L., Baumann P., Mandell M., Allen R. D. 1972; Taxonomy of aerobic marine eubacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 110:402–409
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Castell C. H., Greenough M. F. 1959; The action of Pseudomonas on fish muscle: 4. Relation between substrate composition and the development of odours by Pseudomonas fragi. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 16:21–31
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Clowes R. C., Hayes W. 1968 Experiments in Microbial Genetics. Oxford and Edinburgh: Blackwell Scientific Publications;
    [Google Scholar]
  7. De Ley J., Kersters K., Khan-Matsubara J., Shewan J. M. 1970; Comparative d-gluconate metabolism and DNA base composition in Achromobacter and Alcaligenes. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36:193–207
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Den Dooren De Jong L. E. 1926; Bijdrage tot de kennis van het mineralisatieproces. Rotterdam: Nijgh and Van Ditmar;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Derby H. A., Hammer B. W. 1931; Bacteriology of butter. IV. Bacteriological studies on surface taint butter. Iowa Agricultural Experimental Station Research Bulletin 145:389–416
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Graevenitz A. Von, Simon G. 1970; Potentially pathogenic, non-fermentative, H2S-producing Gramnegative rod (ib). Applied Microbiology 19:176
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Herbert R. A., Hendrie M. S., Gibson D. M., Shewan J. M. 1971; Bacteria active in the spoilage of certain seafoods. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 34:41–50
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hugh R. 1970; A practical approach to the identification of certain non-fermentative Gram-negative rods encountered in clinical specimens. Public Health Laboratory 28:168–187
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Hugh R., Leifson E. 1953; The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various Gram-negative bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 66:24–26
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hugh R., Ryschenkow E. 1961; Pseudomonas maltophilia, an Alcaligenes-like species. Journal of General Microbiology 26:123–132
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Jeffries C. D., Holtman D. F., Guse D. G. 1957; Rapid method for determining the activity of microorganisms on nucleic acids. Journal of Bacteriology 73:590–591
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jonsson V. 1970; Proposal of a new species Pseudomonas kingii. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 20:255–257
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kersters K. 1967; Rapid screening assays for soluble and particulate bacterial dehydrogenases. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 33:63–72
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kersters K., Deley J. 1968; An easy screening assay for the enzymes of the Entner-Doudoroff pathway. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 34:388–392
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Laycock R. H., Regier L. W. 1971; Trimethylamine-producing bacteria on haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) fillets during refrigerated storage. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 28:305–309
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lee J. V. 1973 Some comparative biochemical and physiological studies on selected Gram-negative bacteria. Ph. D. thesis University of Aberdeen:
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lee J. V., Gibson D. M., Shewan J. M. 1973; Comparative biochemical analysis of some pseudomonads. Journal of General Microbiology 77:xii
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Leifson E. 1970; Motile marine bacteria. IV. Ionic relationships of marine and terrestrial bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene Abteilung II 125:170–206
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Levin R. E. 1968; Detection and incidence of specific species of spoilage bacteria on fish. 1. Methodology. Applied Microbiology 16:1734–1737
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Levin R. E. 1972; Correlation of DNA base composition and metabolism of Pseudomonas putrefaciens isolates from food, human clinical specimens, and other sources. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 38:121–127
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Macleod R. A., Onofrey E., Norris M. E. 1954; Nutrition and metabolism of marine bacteria: I. Survey of nutritional requirements. Journal of Bacteriology 68:680–686
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Marcus P. I., Talalay P. 1956; Induction and purification of α- and β-hydroxy-steroid dehydrogenases. Journal of Biological Chemistry 218:661–674
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Minigawa M. 1963; Studies on the strains closely related to Vibrio parahaemolyticus and reddish brown pigment-producing Pseudomonas isolated from the stools of patients of acute enteritis. Annual Report of the Institute of Food Microbiology, Chiba 16:9–23
    [Google Scholar]
  28. MØller V. 1955; Simplified tests for some amino acid decarboxylases and for the arginine dihydrolase system. Actapathologica et microbiologica scandinavica 36:158–172
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Murray C. K., Gibson D. M. 1972; An investigation of the method of determining trimethylamine in fish muscle extracts by the formation of its picrate salt: part 1. Journal of Food Technology 7:35–46
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1972; Some properties and subdivisions of the genus Pseudomonas. Annual Review of Phytopathology 10:73–100
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Pivnick H. 1955; Pseudomonas rubescens, a new species from soluble oil emulsions. Journal of Bacteriology 70:1–6
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Reichelt J. L., Baumann P. 1973; Change of the name Alteromonas marinopraesens (ZoBell and Upham) Baumann et al. to Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham) comb. nov. and assignment of strain ATCC23821 {Pseudomonas enalia) and strain C-AI of De Voe and Oginsky to this species. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23:438–441
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Riley P. S., Tatum H. W., Weaver R. E. 1972; Pseudomonas putrefaciens isolates from clinical specimens. Applied Microbiology 24:798–800
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Shewan J. M. 1974; The biodeterioration of certain proteinaceous foodstuffs at chill temperatures. In Industrial Aspects of Biochemistry. Spencer B. Edited by London: North-Holland Publishing Company;
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Shewan J. M., Hobbs G., Hodgkiss W. 1960: A determinative scheme for the identification of certain genera of Gram-negative bacteria with special reference to the Pseudomonadaceae. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 23:379–390
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Sokal R. R., Sneath P. H.A. 1963 Principles of Numerical Taxonomy. San Francisco and London: W. H. Freeman;
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Sols A., Salas M. L. 1966; Phosphofructokinase. Methods in Enzymology 9:436–442
    [Google Scholar]
  38. SØrensen T. 1948; A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content and its application to analyses of the vegetation of Danish commons. Biologiske Skrifter 5:1–34
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. Journal of General Microbiology 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Thornley M. J. 1960: The differentiation of Pseudomonas from other Gram-negative bacteria on the basis of arginine metabolism. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 23:37–52
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Yaphe W. 1957; The use of agarase from Pseudomonas atlantica in the identification of agar in marine algae (Rhodophyceae). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 3:987–993
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-98-2-439
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-98-2-439
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error