SUMMARY: Formation of benzoate and catechol during oxidation of benzyl alcohol by washed suspensions of 8250 confirmed earlier results indicating that this organism metabolizes benzyl alcohol via benzaldehyde, benzoate, and the 3-oxoadipate pathway. There was no evidence for feedback inhibition of benzyl alcohol dehydrogenase or benzaldehyde dehydrogenase II. Examination of growth curves and patterns of substrate utilization, as well as measurement of enzyme activities, showed that benzyl alcohol dehydrogenase and benzaldehyde dehydrogenase II are repressed when utilizes -mandelate or phenylglyoxylate. Growth of bacteria on -mandelate prior to their inoculation into benzyl alcohol/salts medium leads to an exceptionally long lag period before benzyl alcohol is used at the maximum rate. Benzyl alcohol metabolism is also suppressed during growth on benzoate.


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