1887

Abstract

Summary: A thermophilic bacillus growing on acetamide as both carbon and nitrogen sources produces an inducible amidase. This amidase hydrolysed the following amides in decreasing order of activity, in comparison with acetamide (1·00): pro-pionamide (0·97), fluoroacetamide (0·84), formamide (0·35) and glycinamide (0·12). Cyanoacetamide, dimethylacetamide, dimethylformamide and urea also induced the synthesis of the amidase, but were not substrates of the enzyme. Studies with protoplasts suggest that the amidase is located in the cytoplasm.

Glucose strongly inhibited amidase synthesis; and limiting nitrogen did not release this inhibition. Urea strongly inhibited amidase activity in a competitive manner; but the inhibition caused by iodoacetamide and cyanoacetamide was non-competitive. Both thioacetamide and thiourea were effective inhibitors of enzyme induction.

Bacteria grown on a succinate-minimal medium exhibited a lag in amidase synthesis, which could be eliminated by decreasing the concentration of succinate. Acetate- or pyruvate-grown cultures behaved similarly, while those grown on alanine or glutamate exhibited no lag in enzyme induction.

In the mutant strain , repression of amidase synthesis by glucose was much less evident and no lag for induction was apparent with any of the other carbon sources mentioned.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-94-1-131
1976-05-01
2021-05-09
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