SUMMARY: The ultrastructural characteristics of Neurospora cells during dedifferentiation and redifferentiation of conidiospores into vegetative cells have been determined. This germination process occurs between 2 and 5 h after inoculation; by 3.5 h, approximately 50 % of the cells have germinated. The cells enter the exponential phase of dry-weight gain between 4 and 5 h after inoculation. Several unusual structures are observed in Neurospora cells during germination. Whorled structures are frequently seen in the cytoplasm during germination, and occasionally at other times. They appear to be derived from the cytoplasmic membrane. Whorled structures of different appearance were observed in the mitochondria between 2 and 4 h after inoculation. Their number was related to the level of metabolizable carbohydrate, and was higher in 15 % glucose- than in 2 % sucrose-supplemented medium, and very low in medium containing 15 % mannitol, or 2 % sucrose + 13 % 2-deoxyglucose, or no added carbohydrate. The mitochondrial inclusions were osmiophilic and could be removed by treatment with 90 % aqueous acetone in the cold, indicating that they were composed at least in part of lipid. The strong dependence of the number of mitochondrial inclusións on time and on carbohydrate supplementation, suggests that there is a physiological basis for these structures and that they reflect changes occurring in the mitochondria at times significant to cellular differentiation.


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