SUMMARY: Seven strains of acetic acid bacteria were separated into two well-defined groups on nutritional criteria. One group grew relatively poorly in media containing amino-acids andglucose, but grew well when lactate replaced glucose. In the presence of glucose and lactate, but not of glucose alone, ammonia was utilized as the sole source of nitrogen. With one exception, this group required no added growth factors for growth in a denned medium.

The second group grew well when glucose, but not lactate, was supplied as the chief source of carbon and/or energy. Casein acid hydrolysate was a suitable source of nitrogen, but ammonia, as a sole source of nitrogen, failed to support growth even when lactate waspresent, except to a limited extent when the growth period was prolonged to 7 days. All members of this group required added nicotinate, panto-thenate and -aminobenzoate.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Cutts N.S., Rainbow C. 1950; Studies of a yeast exacting towards p-amino-benzoic acid.. J. gen. Microbiol. 4:150
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Emery W.B., McLeod N., Robinson F.A. 1946; Comparative microbiological assay of members of the vitamin B complex in yeast and liver extracts.. Biochem. J. 40:426
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Foda I.O., Vaughn R.H. 1953; The nutritional requirements of Acetobaeter melanogenum and related species.. J. Bact. 65:79
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Lampen J.O., Jones M.J., Roepke R.R. 1949; Mutant strains of Escherichia coli unable to synthesize p-aminobenzoic acid.. J.biol. Chem. 180:428
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Northam B.E., Norris F.W. 1951; Growth requirements of Schizosaccharo-myces octosporus, a yeast exacting towards adenine.. J. gen. Microbiol. 5:502
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Vaughn R.H. 1942; The acetic acid bacteria.. Waller stein Labs. Common. 5:5
    [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error