SUMMARY: Six marine bacteria which synthesize macromolecular antibiotics were isolated from neritic waters on the French Mediterranean coast, and their frequency recorded over two successive years. They appeared in relatively large numbers during the period August to December, and can be identified as marine pseudomonads; however, the low guanine-cytosine ratio of their DNA, lack of catalase and specific self-inhibition are not compatible with the characteristics of the genus Two produced violacein, usually synthesized bacteria belonging to the genus Their taxonomic position is discussed.


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