1887

Abstract

The phenomenon of paradoxical inhibition (p.i.) manifests itself as well-defined growth of a sensitive bacterium in the centre of the zone of inhibition overlying an area of growth of the inhibitory bacterium. Bacteriocin typing medium (BTM) for elicited p.i. for this group only. A medium for paradoxical inhibition (MPI) was devised which supported the development of p.i. among members of Enterobacteriaceae, and spp. at high frequency. The reacting pair of strains could belong either to the same or to different genera. Colonies of non-bacteriocinogenic strains derived from the central area of p.i. showed acquisition of bacteriocinogeny at high frequency. Acquisition was rapid in the beginning (up to 4 h) followed by a decline and virtual disappearance of bacteriocinogeny by 18 h on MPI, but was substantially retained on BTM. The overall frequency of acquisition among cell populations of different strains varied between 10 and 10, and the acquired characters were stable. Acquisition did not require either cell contact or participation of phages, but depended upon extracellular diffusable agents that were DNase sensitive and RNase resistant. A mutational basis for such acquisition could be ruled out, and the process of gene transfer was considered to be transformation. The extra-chromosomal nature of the determinants of bacteriocinogeny in the bacteria studied was suggested by effective elimination of these markers by sodium dodecyl sulphate and acridine orange.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-80-2-339
1974-02-01
2021-08-03
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/80/2/mic-80-2-339.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-80-2-339&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Abbott J. D., Shannon R. 1958; A method of typing of Shigella sonnei using colicine production as a marker. Journal of Clinical Pathology 11:71–77
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Anderson E. S. 1968; The ecology of transferable drug resistance in the Enterobacteria. Annual Review of Microbiology 22:131–180
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bhaskaran K. 1960; Recombination of characters between mutant stocks of Vibrio cholerae, strain 162. Journal of General Microbiology 23:47–54
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bhaskaran K. 1964; Segregation of genetic factors during recombination in Vibrio cholerae strain 162. Bulletin of World Health Organisation 30:845–853
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chakrabarty A. N. 1965; A method of identification of Shigella flexneri type 6, based on colicine sensitivity pattern. Naturwissenschaften 52:94–95
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chakrabarty A. N., Adhya S., Basu J., Dastidar S. G. 1970; Bacteriocin typing of Vibrio cholerae. Infection and Immunity 1:293–299
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cohen S. N., Chang A. C. Y., Hsu L. 1972; Nonchromosomal antibiotic resistance in bacteria: genetic transformation of Escherichia coli by R-factor DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 69:2110–2114
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cowan S. T., Steel K. J. 1965 Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria London: Cambridge University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Darrell J. H., Wahba A. H. 1964; Pyocine-typing of hospital strains of Pseudomonas pyocyanea. Journal of Clinical Pathology 17:236–242
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Derylo M., Buraczyńska M., Lorkiewicz Z. 1972; Transformation of Col V and Col I factors. Acta microbiologica polonica 4:153–161
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Farkas-Himsley H., Seyfried P. L. 1962; Lethal biosynthesis of new antibacterial principle: vibriocin. Nature; London: 1931193–1194
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fox M. S., Allen M. K. 1964; On the mechanism of deoxyribonucleate integration in pneumococcal transformation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 52:412–419
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Fredericq P. 1948; Actions antibiotiques réciproques chez les Enterobacteriaceae. Revue beige de pathologie et de médicine experimental 19: S4 59–165
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Fredericq P. 1957; Colicin. Annual Review of Microbiology 11:7–22
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Goebel W., Barry G. T. 1958; Colicin K II. The preparation and properties of a substance having colicin K activity. Journal of Experimental Medicine 107:185–209
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Goebel W., Schrempp H. 1972; Isolation of minicircular deoxyribonucleic acids from wild strains of Escherichia coli and their relationship to other bacterial plasmids. Journal of Bacteriology 111:696–704
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hayes W. 1968 The Genetics of Bacteria and their Viruses Oxford and Edinburgh: Elbs and Blackwell Scientific Publications;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hirota Y. 1960; The effect of acridine dyes on mating type factors in Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 46:57–64
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Hotchkiss R. D. 1957 Methods in Enzymology 3 pp. 692–696 Colowick S. P., Kaplan N. O. Edited by New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. International Association of Microbiological Societies, Subcommittee on Taxonomy of Vibrios 1966; Minutes. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 16135
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Jackson S. 1962; Genetic aspects of capsule formation in the pneumococcus. British Medical Bulletin 18:24–26
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Jawetz E., Melnick J. L., Adelberg E. A. 1972 In Review of Medical Microbiology p. 40 Japan: Lange Medical Publications, Maruzen Co. Ltd;
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jayawardene A., Farkas-Himsley H. 1968; Particulate nature of vibriocin: a bacteriocin from Vibrio comma. Nature; London: 21979–80
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Jones D., Sneath P. H. A. 1970; Genetic transfer and bacterial taxonomy. Bacteriological Review 34:40–81
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Leifson E. 1958; Identification of Pseudomonas, Alcaligenes and related bacteria. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infectionskrankheiten und Hygiene Abteilung I 173:487–488
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Marmur J. 1961; A procedure for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from microorganisms. Journal of Molecular Biology 3:208–218
    [Google Scholar]
  27. McGeachie J., McCormick W. 1963; Comparison of colicine production and diffusion on different solid media. Journal of Clinical Pathology 16:278–280
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Miles A. A., Misra S. S. 1938; The estimation of the bactericidal power of the blood. Journal of Hygiene 38:732–749
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mitsuhashi S. 1971 In Transferable Drug Resistance Factor R p. 120 Tokyo, Japan: University of Tokyo Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Nomura M. 1967; Colicins and related bacteriocins. Annual Review of Microbiology 21:257–284
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Novick R. 1969; Extra-chromosomal inheritance in bacteria. Bacteriological Review 33:210–263
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Ozeki El., Stocker B. A. D., Smith S. M. 1962; Transmission of colicinogeny between strains of S. typhimurium grown together. Journal of General Microbiology 28:671–687
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Ravin A. W. 1954; A quantitative study of autogenic and allogenic transformations in pneumococcus. Experimental Cell Research 7:58–82
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Ravin A. W. 1961; The genetics of transformation. Advances in Genetics 10:61–163
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Salisbury V., Hedges R. W., Datta N. 1972; Two modes of ‘curing’ transmissible bacterial plasmids. Journal of General Microbiology 70:443–452
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Schneider W. C. 1957; Determination of nucleic acids in tissues by pentose analysis. In Methods in Enzymology 3 pp. 680–684 Colowick S. P., Kaplan N. O. Edited by New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Sebald M., Véron M. 1963; Teneur en bases de l’ADN et classification des vibrions. Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 105:897–910
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Smith S. M., Stocker B. A. D. 1962; Colicinogeny and recombination. British Medical Bulletin 18:46–51
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Sonstein S. A., Baldwin J. N. 1972; Nature of elimination of penicillinase plasmid from Staphylococcus aureus by surface-active agents. Journal of Bacteriology 111:152–155
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Tomoeda M., Inuzuka M., Kubo N., Nakamura S. 1968; Effective elimination of drug resistance and sex factors in Escherichia coli by sodium dodecyl sulfate. Journal of Bacteriology 95:1078–1089
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Wahba A. H. 1963; The production and inactivation of pyocines. Journal of Hygiene 61:431–441
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Wilson G. S., Miles A. A. 1964; In Topley and Wilson’s Principles of Bacteriology and Immunity. p. 655 London: Edward Arnold;
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Woldringh C. L., van Iterson W. 1972; Effects of treatment with sodium dodecyl sulfate on the ultra structure of Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 111:801–813
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Zabransky R. J., Day F. E. 1969; Pyocin typing of clinical strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Applied Microbiology 17:293–296
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-80-2-339
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-80-2-339
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error