1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: Four species of , in descending order of frequency and , occurred on leaves of perennial ryegrass, white clover, kikuyu grass and mixed pasture in the North Island of New Zealand. was particularly common on kikuyu grass, but otherwise plant species did not appear to affect their distribution. Numbers were greatest under warm conditions, in summer and autumn. No isolates were recovered from samples from the South Island. Cultures of most isolates of , of some of , of a few of and of none of , produced a cytotoxic reaction in tissue-culture cells of the type which was correlated with mammalian toxicity. Toxic isolates were most frequently recovered from irrigated pasture, but populations in the pastures examined were apparently too small to cause disease in grazing animals.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-79-1-81
1973-11-01
2022-01-19
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/79/1/mic-79-1-81.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-79-1-81&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Boehner B., Fetz E., Haerri E., Sigg H. P., Stoll C., Tamm C. 1965; Über die Isolierung von Verrucarin H, Yerrucarin J, Roridin D und Roridin E aus Myrothecium-Arten. Helvetia chimica acta 48:1079–1087
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brian P. W. 1951; Antibiotics produced by fungi. Botanical Review 17:357–430
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Brian P. W., Curtis P. J., Hemming H. C. 1947; Glutinosin: a fungistatic metabolic product of the mould Metarrhizium glutinosum S. Pope. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 135:106–132
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brian P. W., Hemming H. G., Jeffreys E. G. 1948; Production of antibiotics by species of Myrothecium. Mycologia 40:363–368
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Martinovich D., Mortimer P. H., Di Menna M. E. 1972; Similarities between so-called kikuyu poisoning of cattle and two experimental mycotoxicoses. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 20:57–58
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Di Menna M. E. 1971 In Ecology of Leaf Surface Micro-organisms pp 159–174 Edited by Preece T. F., Dickinson C. M. London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Di Menna M. E., Campbell J., Mortimer P. H. 1970; Sporidesmin production and sporulation in Pithomyces chartarum. Journal of General Microbiology 61:87–96
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Di Menna M. E., Parle J. N. 1970; Moulds on leaves of perennial ryegrass and white clover. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 13:51–68
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Di Menna M. E., Mortimer P. H. 1971; Experimental myrotheciotoxicosis in sheep and calves. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 19:246–248
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Mortimer P. H., Campbell J., Di Menna M. E., White E. P. 1971; Experimental myrotheciotoxicosis and poisoning in ruminants by verrucarin A and roridin A. Research in Veterinary Science 12:508–515
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mortimer P. H., Collins B. S. 1968; The in vitro toxicity of the sporidesmins and related compounds to tissue-culture cells. Research in Veterinary Science 9:136–142
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Panozishvili K., Zol’nikova N. Y., Borovkov A. V. 1972; Yerrucarin A from Dendrodochium toxicum. Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii2245 (in Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Sarkisov A. H. 1954 In Mycotoxicoses (fungal poisonings)216 pp Publisher of Agricultural Literature; Moscow (in Russian):
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Smith B., Martinovich D. 1973; Observations on kikuyu poisoning of cattle. II. Epizootiological aspects. New Zealand Veterinary Journal (in the Press)
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Tulloch M. 1972; The genus Myrothecium Tode ex Fr. Mycological Papers. Commonwealth Mycological Institute no. 130
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Vertinskii K. I., Dzhilavyan K. A., Koroleva V. P. 1967; Disease of sheep caused by Myrothecium verrucaria. Byulleten Vsesoyuznogo Eksperimental’nogo Veterinaryia Moscow:86–90 (in Russian)
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-79-1-81
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-79-1-81
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error