1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: The production and characteristics of a new bacteriocin, cellvibriocin, are described. Of ten known strains of examined six were cellvibriocino-genic. Cellvibriocin produced by sp. 9916 appeared most specific on most media and was studied in detail. It was thermolabile, unaffected by deoxy-ribonuclease, ribonuclease, lysozyme and catalase but completely inactivated by proteases and protein denaturants such as chloroform, acetone and ethanol. Although not readily detectable nor inducible in liquid culture cellvibriocin was induced on solid (agar) media by ultraviolet light; it was not extractable from agar grown cultures by buffer solutions or by freeze-thawing, or from liquid grown cultures lysed with ethylene diaminotetraacetic acid and lysozyme or from cultures disintegrated by ultrasonication, in a Hughes's press, with butanol or with alumina.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-77-2-363
1973-08-01
2021-07-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/77/2/mic-77-2-363.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-77-2-363&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Bradley D. E. 1967; Ultrastructure of bacteriophages and bacteriocins. Bacteriological Reviews 31:230–315
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brubaker R. R., Surgalla M. J. 1961; Pesticins. 1. Pesticin-bacterium interrelationships, and environmental factors influencing activity. Journal of Bacteriology 82:940–949
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cook M. K., Blackford V. L., Robbins M. L., Parr L. W. 1953; An investigation of the antibacterial spectrum of colicines. Antibiotics and Chemotherapy 3:195–202
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Farkas-Himsley H., Seyfried P. L. 1963a; Lethal biosynthesis of a bacteriocin, vibriocin, by V. comma. I.Conditions affecting its production and detection. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 9:329–338
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Farkas-Himsley H., Seyfried P. L. 1963b; Lethal biosynthesis of a bacteriocin, vibriocin, by V. comma. II. Vibriocin production and sensitivity in relation to redox potentials and streptomycin resistance. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 9:339–343
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fredericq P. 1957; Colicins. Annual Review of Microbiology 11:7–23
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gratia A. 1925; Sur un remarquable exemple d’antagonisme entre deux souches de colibacille. Comptes rendus des seances de la Société de biologie 93:1040–1041
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Halliwell G. 1957; Cellulolytic preparations from microorganisms of the rumen and from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of General Microbiology 17:166–183
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Halliwell G. 1965; Hydrolysis of fibrous cotton and reprecipitated cellulose by cellulolytic enzymes from soil micro-organisms. Biochemical Journal 95:270–281
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Hamon Y. 1964; Les bacteriocines. Annals de L’lnstitut Pasteur 107: (Suppl. 5) 18–53
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hamon Y., Peron Y. 1962; Étude du pouvoir bactériocinogène dans le genre Listeria. 1. Proprietés générates de ces bactériocines. Annals de L’lnstitut Pasteur 103:876–889
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Herschmann H. R., Helinski D. R. 1967; Purification and characterization of colicin E2 and colicin E3. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 242:5360–5368
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Holland I. B., Roberts C. F. 1964; Some properties of a new bacteriocin formed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Journal of General Microbiology 31:271–285
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hughes D. E. 1951; A press for disrupting bacteria and other micro-organisms. British Journal of Experimental Pathology 32:97–109
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Ivanvòics G. 1962; Bacteriocins and bacteriocin-like substances. Bacteriological Reviews 26:108–118
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Jacob F., Lwoff A., Siminovitch A., Wollman E. 1953; Definition de quelques termes relatifs à la lysogenie. Annals de L’lnstitut Pasteur 84:222–224
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jayawardene A., Farkas-Himsley H. 1969; Vibriocin: a bacteriocin from Vibrio comma. I. Production, purification, morphology and immunological studies. Microbios 1:87–98
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Kuttner A. G. 1966; Production of bacteriocins by group A streptococci with special reference to the nephritogenic types. Journal of Experimental Medicine 124:279–291
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Reeves P. R. 1965; The bacteriocins. Bacteriological Reviews 29:25–46
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Stickler D. J., Tucker R. G., Kay D. 1965; Bacteriophage-like particles released from Bacillus subtilis after induction with hydrogen peroxide. Virology 26:142–145
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Takeya K., Shimodori S. 1969; New method for the detection of a lethal factor in vibrios. Journal of Bacteriology 99:339–340
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Tchan Y. T., Guintini J. 1950; Action antagoniste chez les Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Annals de l’lnstitut Pasteur 78:415–416
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Timmis K. 1972; Purification and characterization of colicin D. Journal of Bacteriology 109:12–20
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-77-2-363
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-77-2-363
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error