Glycerol teichoic acids have been found associated with the cytoplasmic membrane of all of the Gram-positive bacteria examined and it is believed that, unlike wall teichoic acids which are absent from some organisms, these membrane teichoic acids are characteristically present in all species (for reviews see Archibald, Baddiley & Blumsom, 1968; Baddiley, 1970, 1972). Wall teichoic acid is attached to the peptidoglycan of the wall through its terminal phosphate residue, but although it has been known for some time that membrane teichoic acid is associated with the outer surface of the membrane (Hay, Wicken & Baddiley, 1963; Shockman & Slade, 1964) the nature of this association has only recently been examined.


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