1887

Abstract

Summary: A collection of 283 nocardioform bacteria was studied by means of 241 tests which included many biochemical, physiological and nutritional characters. The results were subjected to computer analysis in which two coefficients of association and two cluster-analysis techniques were used. Single linkage and average linkage cluster analysis gave almost identical results, but with the simple matching coefficient a few strains were grouped together on the basis of shared negative correlations. With the matching coefficient 15 clusters were formed whereas with the similarity coefficient there were 18. In each analysis the seven major clusters corresponded to (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) the rhodochrous complex. The data revealed many new characters which could be weighted for identification. The clusters and subgroups were therefore readily distinguished from one another by several unrelated phenotypic characters.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-69-1-33
1971-11-01
2021-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/69/1/mic-69-1-33.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-69-1-33&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Adams M. M., Adams J. N., Brownell G. H. 1970; The identification of Jensenia canicruria Bisset and Moore as a mating type of Nocardia erythropolis (Gray and Thornton) Waksman and Henrici. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 20:133–147
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergey#x2019;s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1957, 7th edn. Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Smith N. R. Edited by London: Baillière Tindall & Cox;
  3. Buchanan R. E., Holt J. G., Lessel E. F. 1966 Index Bergeyana Edinburgh: Livingstone;
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Castelnuovo G., Bellezza G., Duncan M. E., Asselineau J. 1964; Étude sur les mycobactéries et les nocardiae. I: Constitution antigénique. II: Relations sérologique entre mycobactéries et nocardiae. III: Sensibilité aux phages. Annales de L’institut Pasteur 107:824–844
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Cerbón J. 1967; Taxonomic analysis of Nocardia . Revista latino-americana de microbiologia y parasitologia 9:65–68
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chamoiseau G., Asselineau J. 1970; Examen des lipides d’une souch de Nocardia farcinica: présence d’acides mycoliques. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des de l’Académie des Sciences D270:2603–2604
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Clark J. B., Hittle L. L. 1962; The utilization of various carbon compounds by Nocardia corallina and Nocardia asteroides . Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 43:249–254
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Deibel R. H., Evans J. B. 1960; Modified benzidine test for the detection of cytochrome-containing respiratory systems in micro-organisms. Journal of Bacteriology 79:356–360
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Georg L. K., Ajello L., McDurmont C., Hosty T. S. 1961; The identification of Nocardia asteroides and Nocardia brasiliensis . American Review of Respiratory Diseases 84:337–347
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gordon R. E. 1966a; Some critieria for the recognition of Nocardia madurae (Vincent) Blanchard. Journal of General Microbiology 45:355–364
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Gordon R. E. 1966b; Some strains in search of a genus - Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia or what?. Journal of General Microbiology 43:329–343
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Gordon R. E. 1967; The taxonomy of soil bacteria. In The Ecology of Soil Bacteria pp. 293–321 Gray T. R. G., Parkinson D. Edited by Liverpool: Liverpool University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gordon R. E., Horan A. C. 1968; A piecemeal description of Streptomyces griseus (Krainsky) Waksman and Henrici. Journal of General Microbiology 50:223–233
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1957; A comparative study of some strains received as nocardiae. Journal of Bacteriology 73:15–27
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1959a; A comparison of Nocardia asteroides and Nocardia brasiliensis . Journal of General Microbiology 20:129–135
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1959b; A comparison of four species of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 21:736–748
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1961; The specific identity of Jensenia canicruria . Canadian Journal of Microbiology 7:108–110
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1962a; Identification of Nocardia caviae (Erikson) nov.comb. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 98:628–636
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gordon R. E., Mihm J. M. 1962b; The type species of the genus Nocardia . Journal of General Microbiology 27:1–10
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hugh R., Leifson E. 1953; The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various Gram-negative bacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 66:24–26
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Jeffries C. D., Holtman D. F., Guse D. G. 1957; Rapid method for determining the activity of microorganisms on nucleic acids. Journal of Bacteriology 73:590–591
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Jones J. G., Edington M. A. 1968; An ecological survey of hydrocarbon-oxidizing micro-organisms. Journal of General Microbiology 52:381–390
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jones L. A., Bradley S. G. 1964; Relationships among streptomycetes, nocardiae, mycobacteria and other actinomycetes. Mycologia 56:505–513
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Juhasz S. E., Bönicke R. 1965; Mycobacterium Oder Nocardia pellegrino . Beiträge zur Klinik der Tuberkulose 130:155–169
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Kwapinski J. B. G. 1970; Serological taxonomy and relationships of Actinomycetales . In The Actinomycetales pp. 345–369 Prauser H. Edited by Jena: Gustav Fischer;
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Lechevalier H. A., Lechevalier M. P. 1970; A critical evaluation of the genera of aerobic actinomycetes. In The Actinomycetales pp. 393–405 Prauser H. Edited by Jena: Gustav Fischer;
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Lechevalier H., Lechevalier M. P., Becker B. 1966; Comparison of the chemical composition of cell-walls of nocardiae with that of other aerobic antinomycetes. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 16:151–160
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Lechevalier M. P., Horan A. C., Lechevalier H. 1971; Lipid composition in the classification of nocardiae and mycobacteria. Journal of Bacteriology 105:313–318
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. 1971; Chemical composition as a criterion in the classification of aerobic actinomycetes. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 20:435–444
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Mackinnon J. E., Artagaveytia-Allende R. C. 1956; The main species of pathogenic aerobic actinomycetes causing mycetomas. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 50:31–40
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Magnusson M., Mariat F. 1968; Delineation of Nocardia farcinica by delayed type skin reactions on guinea pigs. Journal of General Microbiology 51:151–158
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Mariat F. 1958; Physiologie des actinomycètes aérobies pathogènes. Recherches sur l’activité protéolytique et sur la nutrition azotée et carbonée de Nocardia asteroides, N. brasiliensis, Streptomyces madurae, S. pelletieri et S. somaliensis . Mycopathologia et mycologia applicata 9:111–149
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Mariat F. 1962; Critères de detérmination des principales espèces d’Actinomycètes aérobies pathogènes. Annales de la Société belge de médecine tropicale 4:651–672
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Mariat F. 1963; Activité uréasique des Actinomycètes aérobies pathogènes. Annales de L’institut Pasteur 105:795–797
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mariat F. 1965; Étude comparitive de souches de Nocardia isolés de mycétomes. Annales de L’institut Pasteur 109:90–104
    [Google Scholar]
  36. McClung N. M. 1954; The utilization of carbon compounds by Nocardia species. Journal of Bacteriology 68:231–236
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Mitchell T. G., Shewan J. M. 1968; Aspects of taxonomy with respect to biodeterioration. In Biodeterioration of Materials: Microbiological and Allied Aspects pp. 13–21 Barking: Elsevier Publishing Co. Ltd;
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Mordarska H., Modarski M. 1969; Comparative studies on the occurrence of lipid A, diaminopimelic acid and arabinose in Nocardia cells. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 17:739–743
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Pier A. C., Fichtner R. E. 1971; Serologic typing of Nocardia asteroides by immunodiffusion. American Review of Respiratory Disease 103:698–707
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Prauser H. 1967; Contributions to the taxonomy of the Actinomycetales . Publications of the Faculty of the Sciences, J. E. Purkyně University, Brno K40:196–199
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Prauser H., Falta R. 1968; Phagensensibilität, Zellwandzusammensetzung und Taxonomie von Actinomyceten. Zeitschrift für allgemeine Mikrobiologie 8:39–46
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Prauser H., Lechevalier M. P., Lechevalier H. 1970; Description of Oerskovia gen.n. to harbor Ørskov’s motile Nocardia . Applied Microbiology 19:534
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Pridham T. G., Gottlieb D. 1948; The utilization of carbon compounds by some actinomycetales as an aid for species determination. Journal of Bacteriology 56:107–114
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Raymond R. L., Jamison V. W., Hudson J. O. 1967; Microbial hydrocarbon co-oxidation. 1. Oxidation of mono- and dicyclic hydrocarbons by soil isolates of the genus Nocardia . Applied Microbiology 15:857–865
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Sierra G. 1957; A simple method for the detection of lipolytic activity of microorganisms and some observations on the influence of the contact between cells and fatty substrates. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 23:15–22
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Sneath P. H. A. 1957; The application of computers to taxonomy. Journal of General Microbiology 17:201–226
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sneath P. H. A. 1966; Identification methods applied to Chromobacterium . In Identification Methods for Microbiologists Part A pp. 15–20 Gibbs B. M., Skinner F. A. Edited by London and New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Sneath P. H. A. 1968; Vigour and pattern in taxonomy. Journal of General Microbiology 54:1–11
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Sneath P. H. A., Skerman V. B. D. 1966; A list of type and reference strains of bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 16:1–133
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Sneath P. H. A., Stevens M. 1967; A divided petri dish for use with multipoint inoculators. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 30:495–497
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Society of American Bacteriologists 1957 Manual of Microbiological Methods New York: McGraw-Hill;
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sokal R. R., Michener C. D. 1958; A statistical method for evaluating systematic relationships. Kansas University Science Bulletin 38:1409–1438
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Sokal R. R., Sneath P. H. A. 1963 Principles of Numerical Taxonomy San Francisco: Freeman;
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Stanier R. Y., Palleroni N. J., Doudoroff M. 1966; The aerobic pseudomonads: a taxonomic study. Journal of General Microbiology 43:159–271
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Steel K. J. 1961; The oxidase reaction as a taxonomic tool. Journal of General Microbiology 25:297–306
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Stevenson I. L. 1967; Utilization of aromatic hydrocarbons by Arthrobacter spp. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 13:205–211
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Sukapure R. S., Lechevalier M. P., Reber H., Higgins M. L., Lechevalier H. A., Prauser H. 1970; Motile nocardioid Actinomycetales . Applied Microbiology 19:527–533
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Tacquet A. 1962; Techniques récentes d’identification des mycobactéries. Annales de la Société beige de médecine tropicale 4:383–402
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Tsukamura M. 1966; Adansonian classification of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 45:253–273
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Tsukamura M. 1969; Numerical taxonomy of the genus Nocardia . Journal of General Microbiology 56:265–287
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Veldkamp H. 1955; A study of the aerobic decomposition of chitin by micro-organisms. Mededelingen van de Landbouwhoogeschool te Wageningen 55:127–174
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Yamaguchi T. 1965; Comparison of the cell-wall composition of morphologically distinct actinomycetes. Journal of Bacteriology 89:444–453
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-69-1-33
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-69-1-33
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error