1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

Paired centrioles in the hyphae and young sporangia of and were aligned end to end at 180° to each other. At the end of interphase new centrioles were replicated on the proximal end of each parent centriole. Each pair of centrioles was associated with a characteristic region of the nuclear envelope, termed the pocket. As the centriole pairs moved apart the mitotic spindle developed between these pockets. Kineto- chores, initially found at the equator of the spindle, became polarized as the nucleus elongated. A characteristic association between the nuclear envelope and astral microtubules is described and its role in nuclear division discussed. Mitochondria frequently lay along tracts of microtubules. The processes of centriole replication, spindle formation and nuclear division are discussed in relation to reports of the ultrastructure of these processes in other organisms.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-62-2-139
1970-08-01
2021-10-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/62/2/mic-62-2-139.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-62-2-139&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Aist J. R. 1969; The mitotic apparatus in fungi, Ceratocystis fagacearum and Fusarium oxysporum . Journal of Cell Biology 40:120–135
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Allen R. D. 1969; The morphogenesis of basal bodies and accessory structures of the cortex of the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis . Journal of Cell Biology 40:716–733
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bajer A. 1968; Chromosome movement and fine structure of the mitotic spindle. Symposium of the Society for Experimental Biology 22:285–310
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakerspigel A. 1960; Nuclear structure and divisions in the vegetative mycelium of the Saprolegniaceae. American Journal of Botany 47:94–100
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Berlin J. E., Bowen C. C. 1964; Centrioles in the fungus Albugo Candida . American Journal of Botany 51:650–652
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bessis M., Breton-Gorius J., Thiéry J. P. 1958; Centriole, corps de Golgi et aster des leucocytes. Revue d’Hematologie 13:363–386
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bikle D., Tilney L. G., Porter K. R. 1966; Microtubules and pigment migration in the Melanophores of Fundulus heteroclitus L. Protoplasma 61:322–345
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Brinkley B. R., Stubblefield E., Hsu T. C. 1967; The effects of colcemid inhibition and reversal on the fine structure of the mitotic apparatus of Chinese hamster cells in vitro . Journal of Ultra-structure Research 19:1–18
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Burgess J., Northcote D. H. 1968; The relationship between the endoplasmic reticulum and microtubular aggregation and disaggregation. Planta 75:1–14
    [Google Scholar]
  10. De Harven E. 1968; The centriole and the mitotic spindle. In Ultrastructure in Biological Systems 3 The Nucleus pp. 197–224 Dalton A. J., Haguenau F. Edited by New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dippell R. Y. 1968; The development of basal bodies in Paramecium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 61:461–468
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fuller M. S., Calhoun S. A. 1968; Microtubule-kinetosome relationships in the motile cells of the Blastocladiales. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie 87:526–533
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gall J. G. 1961; Centriole replication. A study of spermatogenesis in the snail Viviparis. Journal of Biophysical and Biochemical Cytology 10:163–193
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gibbons I. R., Grimstone A. V. 1960; On flagellar structure in certain flagellates. Journal of Biophysical and Biochemical Cytology 7:697–716
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Girbardt M. 1968; Ultrastructure and dynamics of the moving nucleus. Symposium of the Society for Experimental Biology 22:249–259
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hartog M. M. 1895; On the cytology of the vegetative and reproductive organs of the Saprolegniaceae. Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy 30:649–701
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Heath I. B. 1969 Structural Aspects of the Growth and Reproduction of Saprolegnia spp. Ph.D. Thesis University of London:
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Heath I. B., Greenwood A. D. 1968; Electron microscopic observations of dividing somatic nuclei in Saprolegnia. Journal of General Microbiology 53:287–289
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Heath I. B., Greenwood A. D. 1970; Ultrastructural observations on the kinetosomes and Golgi bodies during the asexual life cycle of Saprolegnia. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und mikroskopische Anatomie In press
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Höhnk W. 1935; Zur Cytologie der Oogon- und Entwicklung bei Saprolegnia ferax (Gruith.)Thuret. Abhandlungen hrsg. vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 29:308–323
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Holmes K. V., Choppin P. W. 1968; On the role of microtubules in movement and alignment of nuclei in virus-induced syncytia. Journal of Cell Biology 39:526–544
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ichida A. A., Fuller M. S. 1968; Ultrastructure of mitosis in the aquatic fungus Catenaria anguillulae . Mycologia 60:141–155
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Jenkins R. A. 1967; Fine structure of division in ciliate protozoa. I. Micronuclear mitosis in Blepharisma. Journal of Cell Biology 34:463–481
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Johnson U. G., Porter K. R. 1968; Fine structure of cell division in Chlamydomonas reinhardi. Basal bodies and microtubules. Journal of Cell Biology 38:403–425
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Jokelainen P. T. 1967; Ultrastructure and spatial organization of the metaphase kinetochore in mitotic rat cells. Journal of Ultrastructure Research 19:19–44
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Kalnins V. I., Porter K. R. 1969; Centriole replication during ciliogenesis in the chick tracheal epithelium. Zeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie 100:1–30
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Krishan A., Buck R. C. 1965; Structure of the mitotic spindle in L strain fibroblasts. Journal of Cell Biology 24:433–444
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kubai D. F., Ris H. 1969; Division in the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium cohnii (Schiller). A new type of nuclear reproduction. Journal of Cell Biology 40:508–528
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Ledbetter M. C., Porter K. R. 1963; A ‘microtubule’ in plant cell fine structure. Journal of Cell Biology 19:239–250
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Lessie P. E., Lovett J. S. 1968; Ultrastructural changes during sporangium formation and zoospore differentiation in Blastocladiella emersonii . American Journal of Botany 55:220–236
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Manton I. 1964; Observations with the electron microscope on the division cycle in the flagellate Prymnesium parvum Carter. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society 83:317–325
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Manton I., Clarke B., Greenwood A. D. 1951; Observations with the electron microscope on a species of Saprolegnia I. Journal of Experimental Botany 2:321–331
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Mazia D. 1961; Mitosis and the physiology of cell division. In The Cell 3 pp. 77–412 Brachet J., Mirsky A. E. Edited by New York & London: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Mazia D., Harris P. J., Bibring T. 1960; The multiplicity of the mitotic centres and the time- course of their duplication and separation. Journal of Biophysical and Biochemical Cytology 7:1–20
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mitzukami I., Gall J. 1966; Centriole replication. II. Sperm formation in the fern Marsilea and the cycad Zamia. Journal of Cell Biology 29:97–111
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Moser J. W., Kreitner G. L. 1970; Centrosome structure in Anthoceros laevis and Marchantia polymorpha . Journal of Cell Biology 44:454–458
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Mühlethaler K. 1967; Ultrastructure and formation of plant cell walls. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 18:1–24
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Nicklas R. B. 1965; Chromosome velocity during mitosis as a function of chromosome size and position. Journal of Cell Biology 25:119–135
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Northcote D. H. 1969; Growth and differentiation of plant cells in culture. Symposium of the Society for General Microbiology 19:333–349
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Pollister A. W., Pollister P. F. 1943; The relation between centriole and centromere in atypical spermatogenesis of viviparid snails. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 45:1–48
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Porter K. R. 1966; Cytoplasmic microtubules and their functions. In Ciba Foundation Symposium. Principles of Biomolecular Organization p. 308 Wolstenholme G. E. W., O’Conner M. Edited by Boston: Little, Brown & Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Preston R. D., Goodman R. N. 1968; Structural aspects of cellulose microfibril biosynthesis. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society 88:513–528
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Randle J. 1969; The flagellar apparatus as a model organelle for the study of growth and morpho- poiesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B173:31–62
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Renaud F. L., Swift H. 1964; The development of basal bodies and flagella in Allomyces arbusculus . Journal of Cell Biology 23:339–354
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Robbins E., Gonatas N. K. 1964; The ultrastructure of a mammalian cell during the mitotic cycle. Journal of Cell Biology 21:429–433
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Robbins E., Jentzsch G., Micali A. 1968; The centriole cycle in synchronized HeLa cells. Journal of Cell Biology 36:329–339
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Robinow C. F., Marak J. 1966; A fibre apparatus in the nucleus of the yeast cell. Journal of Cell Biology 29:129–151
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Rosenbaum J. L., Carlson K. 1969; Cilia regeneration in Tetrahymena and its inhibition by colchicine. Journal of Cell Biology 40:415–425
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Rudzinska M. A. 1965; The fine structure and function of the tentacle in Tokophyra infusiorum . Journal of Cell Biology 25:459–477
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Schuster F. 1964; Electron microscope observations on spore formation in the true slime mould Didymium nigripes . Journal of Protozoology 11:207–216
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Smith F. E. V. 1923; On direct nuclear divisions in the vegetative mycelium of Saprolegnia. Annals of Botany 37:63–73
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sorokin S. P. 1968; Reconstructions of centriole formation and ciliogenesis in mammalian lungs. Journal of Cell Science 3:207–230
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Stubblefield E., Brinkley B. R. 1967; Architecture and function of the mammalian centriole. In Symposium of the International Society for Cell Biology 6 p. 175 Warren K. B. Edited by New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Terzakis J. A., Spinz H., Ward R. A. 1967; The transformation of the Plasmodium gallinaceum oocyst in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Journal of Cell Biology 34:311–326
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Tontz J. C. 1969; An ultrastructural study of morphogenesis in Achlya ambisexualis Raper e87 and Achlya imperfecta Coker. Ph.D. Thesis University of Texas at Austin:
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Trow A. H. 1895; The karyology of Saprolegnia. Annals of Botany 9:609–652
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-62-2-139
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-62-2-139
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error