Micrococci forming part of the marine flora, are especially important in fish spoilage. They are common in estuarine mud but rare in sea water and in marine mud of the Australian continental shelf. Non-pigmented and orange strains are most abundant; lemon-yellow strains are found in the early stage of spoilage of teleost fish, but are rare in mud. About 10 % of the cocci form packets, and these are commonest in mud. Nearly all marine micrococci are saccharolytic, hydrolyse urea, and attack asparagine, aspartic acid and alanine. The classification and taxonomic position of these cocci are discussed.


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