1887

Abstract

Summary: The nutrition of three virulent and three avirulent strains of has been studied at temperatures between 23 and 37° on a basal medium containing glucose, ammonium and other inorganic salts. The organism has considerable synthetic powers and the distinction between essential nutrients and non-specific stimulants of growth is not always definite. At 32° and below, the optimal medium contained phenylalanine, valine, isoleucine, cysteine, methionine and haemin. Five out of the six strains utilized leucine in place of valine, but the maximum count was then delayed. At 36° the optimal medium contained in addition, alanine, leucine, serine, threonine, biotin and pantothenate. Omission of alanine or leucine delayed growth without reducing the maximum population. When biotin and pantothenate were omitted the organism required a mixture of twenty amino-acids.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-6-1-2-64
1952-02-01
2021-10-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/6/1-2/mic-6-1-2-64.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-6-1-2-64&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Beadle G.W., Tatum E.L. 1945; Neurospora. II. Methods of producing and detecting mutations concerned with nutritional requirements. Amer. J. Bot. 32:678
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Beekman S. 1942; Accessory growth factor requirements of the members of the genus Pasteurella. . J. infect. Dis. 71:201
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cleverdon R.C., Pelczar M.J.jun., Doetsch R.N. 1949; The vitamin requirements of stenothermophilic aerobic sporogenous bacteria. J. Bact. 58:523
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Doudoroff M. 1943; Studies on the nutrition and metabolism of Pasteurella pestis. . Proc. Soc. exp. Biol., N.Y. 53:73
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Emerson S. 1947; Growth responses of a sulphonamide requiring strain of Neurospora. . J. Bact. 54:195
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gaughran E.R.L. 1947; The thermophilic micro-organisms. Bact. Rev. 11:189
    [Google Scholar]
  7. gladstone G.P. 1939; Interrelationships between amino-acids in the nutrition of B. anthracis. Brit. . J. exp. Path. 20:189
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Herbert D. 1947; Streptomycin in experimental plague. Lancet i:626
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Herbert D. 1949; Studies on the nutrition of Pasteurella pestis and factors affecting the growth of isolated cells on an agar surface. Brit. J. exp. Path. 30:509
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Lichstein H.C., Christman J.F. 1948; The role of biotin and adenylic acid in amino-acid deaminases. J. biol. Chem. 175:649
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Mitchell H.K., Houlahan M.B. 1946; Neurospora. IV. A temperature sensitive riboflavinless mutant. Amer. J. Bot. 33:31
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Novelli G.D., Lipmann F. 1950; The catalytic function of co-enzyme A in citric acid synthesis. J. biol. Chem. 182:213
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Otten L. 1936; Immunisation against plague with live vaccine. Indian J. med. Res. 24:73
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Rao M.S. 1939; The nutritional requirements of the plague bacillus. Indian J. med. Res. 27:75
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Rao M.S. 1940a; Oxidations effected by the plague bacillus. Indian J. med. Res. 27:617
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rao M.S. 1940b; Further studies on the nutrition of the plague bacillus: the role of haematin and other compounds. Indian J. med. Res. 27:833
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Schütze H. 1932; Studies on B. pestis antigens. III. The prophylactic value of the envelope and somatic antigens of B. pestis. . Brit. J. exp. Path. 13:293
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Schütze H. 1939; Studies on B. pestis antigens as prophylactic agents. Brit. J. exp. Path. 20:235
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Snyder T.L. 1947; The relative errors of bacteriological plate counting methods. J.Bact. 54:641
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Stamp lord. 1947; The preservation of bacteria by drying. J. gen. Microbiol 1:251
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Wessman G.E., Werkman C.H. 1950; Biotin in the assimilation of heavy carbon in oxalacetate. Arch. Biochem. 26:214
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-6-1-2-64
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-6-1-2-64
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error