1887

Abstract

SUMMARY

The cell wall compositions of 41 strains of oral filamentous bacteria belonging to the genera and were examined by paper chromatography. walls showed principally alanine, glutamic acid, DAP, glycine and aspartic acid. The genus had the same amino acids but aspartic acid appeared to be a minor component and was not detected in the mucopeptide fraction of the cell walls. The strains of Fusobacterium gave an amino acid pattern characteristic of Gram-negative bacteria; however, lysine was a major component in the mucopeptide. The genus is thus distinct from the other two genera and should include two species, and another organism termed ‘Anaerobic filaments’.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-58-2-217
1969-10-01
2021-10-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/58/2/mic-58-2-217.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-58-2-217&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Baboolal R. 1968; A study of Leptotrichia buccalis. Ph.D. thesis University of London;
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baboolal R. 1969; Cell wall composition and antigenic structure of the genus Leptotrichia. J. dent. Res. abst. (In the Press.)
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baird-Parker A. C. 1959; The classification of oral Leptotrichia and Fusobacterium species. Ph.D. thesis University of Birmingham;
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1957, 7th. Breed R. S., Murray E. G. D., Smith N. R. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox;
  5. Cummins C. S. 1962; Chemical composition and antigenic structure of cell walls of Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Actinomyces and Arthrobacter. J. gen. Microbiol 28:35
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cummins C. S., Harris H. 1956; The chemical composition of the cell wall in some Gram-positive bacteria and its possible value as a taxonomic character. J. gen. Microbiol 14:583
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cummins C. S., Harris H. 1958; Studies on the cell-wall composition and taxonomy of Actino-mycetales and related groups. J. gen. Microbiol 18:173
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Davis G. H. G., Baird-Parker A. C. 1959; The classification of certain filamentous bacteria with respect to their chemical composition. J. gen. Microbiol 21:612
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Gilmour M. N., Howell A. Jun., Bibby B. G. 1961; The classification of organisms termed Leptotrichia (Leptothrix) buccalis. I. Review of literature and proposed separation into Leptotrichia buccalis (Trevisan 1879) and Bacterionema, gen. nov. B. matruchotii (Mendel, 1919) Comb. nov. Bact. Rev 25:131
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gustafson R. L., Kroeger A. V., Gustafson J. L., Vaichulis E. M. K. 1966; The biological activity of Leptotrichia buccalis endotoxin. Arch, oral Biol 11:1149
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hamilton R. D., Zahler S. A. 1957; A study of Leptotrichia buccalis. J. Bact 73:386
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Hardy T. L., Holland D. O., Naylor J. H. C. 1955; One phase solvent mixture for the separation of amino acids. Analyt. Chem 27:971
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Heyworth R., Perkins H. R., Walker P. G. 1961; Paper chromatography of hexosamines and N-acetyl hexosamines. Nature, Lond 190:261
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hoare D. S., Work E. 1957; The sterioisomers of a-diaminopimelic acid. II. Their distribution in the bacterial order Actinomycetales and in certain Eubacteriales. Biochem. J 65:441
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hofstad T. 1967a; An anaerobic oral filamentous organism possibly related to Leptotrichia buccalis. I. Morphology, some physiological and serological properties. Acta path, microbiol. scand 69:543
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hofstad T. 1967b; An anaerobic oral filamentous organism possibly related to Leptotrichia buccalis. II. Composition of cell walls. Acta path, microbiol. scand 70:461
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jackins H. C., Barker H. A. 1951; Fermentative processes of the fusiform bacteria. J. Bact 61:101
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jeanes A., Wine C. S., Dunbar R. S. 1951; Improved techniques in paper chromatography of carbohydrates. Analyt. Chem 23:415
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kasai G. J. 1965; A study of Leptotrichia buccalis. II. Biochemical and physiological observations. J. dent. Res 44:1015
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Manual of Microbiological Methods by the Society of American Bacteriologist 1957 New York, Toronto, London: McGraw-Hill Co;
  21. Patridge S. M. 1949; Aniline phthalate spray reagent for the detection of reducing sugars. Nature, Lond 164:443
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Patridge S. M., Westall R. G. 1948; Filter paper partition chromatography. Biochem. J 42:238
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Perkins H. R. 1965; The action of hot formamide on bacterial cell walls. Biochem. J 95:876
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Pickering B. T. 1967; Components of the cell wall of Clostridium welchii type (A). Biochem. J 100:430
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Salton M. R. J. 1953; Studies of the bacterial cell wall. IV. The composition of the cell walls of some Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Biochim. biophys. Acta 10:52
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Salton M. R. J. 1964 The Bacterial Cell Wall Amsterdam, London, New York: Elsevier Pub. Co;
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Schmidt J. M., Richardson R. L. 1961; Antigenic relationship of an oral filamentous organism. Bact. Proc74
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Sibal R. L., Kroeger A. V., Kumarich D., Meyer E. 1962; Serological specificity of acid-soluble antigens of Bacterionema matruchotii. J. Bact 83:811
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Takazoe I., Frostell E. 1960; A study of some properties of Leptotrichia. Acta odont. scand 18:365
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Theilade E., Gilmour M. N. 1961; An anaerobic oral filamentous micro-organism. J. Bact 81:661
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Thjøtta T., Hartman O., Bøe J. 1939; The study of Leptotrichia (Trevisan) Skr.norske, Videnscap-Acad. Mat-naturv. Kl5
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-58-2-217
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-58-2-217
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error