1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: Long-chain paraffins, such as nonacosane, reach the soil from plants and are degraded by micro-organisms. The ability of one soil organism, , to grow on cabbage paraffin (-nonacosane) was studied. Unlike the pattern seen with hexadecane, waxy esters were not produced when nonacosane was the sole carbon source, but esters were formed when a co-oxidation technique of [C] -nonacosane with hexadecane was employed. The alcohol and acid portions of the radioactive esters formed were primarily of chain length C C and C; neither nonacosanol nor nonacosanoic acid were detected. Thus the nonacosanol and nonacosanoic acid which might have been produced from -nonacosane must have been oxidized to shorter-chain compounds which in turn were incorporated into waxy esters as well as other lipids.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-3-457
1968-05-01
2021-10-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/51/3/mic-51-3-457.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-3-457&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. American Public Health Association 1948 Standard Methods for the Examination of Dairy Products, 9th ed. New York:
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Champagnat A. 1964; Proteins from petroleum fermentation—a new source of food. Impact Sci. Soc 14:119
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Elovson J. 1965; Chain-shortening of stearic acid in the intact rat. Biochim. biophys. Acta 98:36
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Finnerty W. R., Hawtrey E., Kallio R. E. 1962; Alkane-oxidizing micrococci. Z. Allgem. Mikrobiol 2:169
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Folch J., Lees M., Sloane-Stanley G. H. 1957; A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. biol. Chem 226:497
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gholson R. K., Baptist J. N., Coon M. J. 1963; Hydrocarbon oxidation by a bacterial enzyme system. II. Cofactor requirements for octanol formation from octane. Biochemistry 2:1155
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Kolattukudy P. E. 1965; Biosynthesis of wax in Brassica oleracea. Biochemistry 4:1844
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kolattukudy P. E. 1967; Biosynthesis of paraffins in Brassica oleracea: Fatty acid elongation-decarboxylation as a plausible pathway. Phytochemistry 6:963
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kolattukudy P. E., Hankin L. 1966; Metabolism of a plant wax paraffin (n-nonacosane) in the rat. J. Nutrition 90:167
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kuksis A. 1964; Hydrocarbon composition of some crude and refined edible seed oils. Biochemistry 3:1086
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Levin E. 1963; Effects of octacosanol on chick comb growth. Proc. Soc. expt. Biol. Med 112:331
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Mangold H. K. 1965; Thin layer chromatography of lipids. In Thin Layer Chromatography, a Laboratory Handbook Ed. by Stahl E. p. 147 New York: Academic Press Inc;
    [Google Scholar]
  13. McKenna J. R., Kallio R. E. 1965; The biology of hydrocarbons. A. Rev. Microbiol 19:183
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Silva-Fernandes A. M., Baker E. A., Martin J. T. 1964; Studies on plant cuticle. VI. Isolation and fractionation of cuticular wax. A mils. appl. Biol 53:43
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Stevenson F. J. 1966; Lipids in soil. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc 43:203
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Stevenson D. P., Finnerty W. R., Kallio R. E. 1962; Esters produced from n-Heptadecane by Micrococcus cerificans. Biochem. biophys. Res. Commun 9:426
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Stewart J. R., Kallio R. E. 1959; Bacterial hydrocarbon oxidation. II. Ester formation from alkanes. J. Bact 78:726
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Stewart J. R., Kallio R. E., Stevenson D. P., Jones A. J., Schissler D. O. 1959; Bacterial hydrocarbon oxidation. I. Oxidation of n-Hexadecane by a gram-negative coccus. J. Bact 78:441
    [Google Scholar]
  19. ZoBell C. E. 1950; Assimilation of hydrocarbons by micro-organisms. Advanc. Enzymol 10:443
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-3-457
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-51-3-457
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error