SUMMARY: A collection of tetrad-forming bacteria was divided into five groups by physiological and biochemical tests. Of these groups four were identified as species of the genus according to the classification of Nakagawa & Kitahara (1959). Useful differential tests were: pseudocatalase activity, catalase activity in the presence of heated blood, fermentation of glycerol and maltose, salt tolerance, pH sensitivity, final pH value in glucose broth culture, growth temperatures, arginine hydrolysis. The remaining group, composed of the type culture of and a strain of , was identified as The pediococci were compared with enterococci and two species, and , appeared to be physiologically and biochemically more like than is


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