1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: A phage able to transduce a streptomycin resistance marker in can also separately transduce the swarming characteristic between variants of two strains of . Motile non-swarming variants were made to swarm on agar by incorporation of a swarming gene via a phage lysate of a swarming strain. The production of swarms by motile non-swarming variants when treated with phage lysates of other pheno-typically similar strains indicated that at least three non-homologous factors control swarming. An O variant could also act as a donor of the swarming gene. This is because the O strain possesses an intact swarming centre which is masked by the absence of active flagella. This O variant was transduced to swarming by phage lysates of motile non-swarming strains or of a swarming strain. The gene transduced here was concerned with the presence of flagella. Factors controlling two morphological varieties of swarming were separately transduced to suitable recipients and a locus able to modify wild-type swarms was identified.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-33-1-1
1963-10-01
2021-07-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/33/1/mic-33-1-1.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-33-1-1&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Belyavin G. 1951; Cultural and serological phases of Proteus vulgaris.. J. gen. Microbiol 5:197
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brown E. R., Cherry W. B., Moody M. D., Gordon M. A. 1955; The induction of motility in Bacillus antkracis by means of bacteriophage lysates.. J. Bact 69:590
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bryan B. E. 1961; Genetic modifiers of streptomycin resistance in pneumococcus.. J. Bact 82:461
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Clowes R. C. 1960; Fine genetic structure as revealed by transduction. In Microbial Genetics.. Symp. Soc. gen. Microbiol 10:92
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Coetzee J. N. 1958; The characterization of a series of Proteus bacteriophages.. S. Afr. J. Lab. clin. Med 4:147
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Coetzee J. N. 1959; Some properties of a morphological variant of a strain of Proteus vulgaris.. S. Afr. J. Lab. clin. Med 5:17
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Coetzee J. N. 1961; Lysogenic conversion in the genus Proteus.. Nature, Lond 189:946
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Coetzee J. N., Sacks T. G. 1960a; Transduction of streptomycin resistance in Proteus mirabilis.. J. gen. Microbiol 23:445
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Coetzee J. N., Sacks T. G. 1960b; Morphological variants of Proteus hauseri.. J. gen. Microbiol 23:209
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Edgar J. B., Stocker B. A. D. 1961; Metabolic and genetic investigations of nutritionally exacting strains of Staphylococcus pyogenes.. Nature, Lond 191:1121
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Fildes P. 1925; Tetanus. 1. Isolation, morphology and cultural reactions of B. tetani.. Brit. J. exp. Path 6:62
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Friewer F. I., Leifson E. 1952; Non-motile flagellated variants of Salmonella typhimurium.. J. Path. Bact 64:223
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Furness G. 1958; The transfer of motility and tyrosine requirement to Escherichia coli strain b by recombination with E. coli strain k 12.. J. gen. Microbiol 18:782
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gross J., Englesberg E. 1959; Determination of the order of mutational sites governing L-arabinose utilization in Escherichia coli B/r by transduction with phage Plbt.. Virology 9:314
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hartman P. E., Hartman Z., erman D. 1960; Complementation mapping by abortive transduction of histidine requiring Salmonella mutants.. J. gen. Microbiol 22:354
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Holloway B. W., Monk M. 1959; Transduction in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Nature, Lond 184:1426
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hughes W. H. 1957; A reconsideration of the swarming of Proteus vulgaris.. J. gen. Microbiol 17:49
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jackson S. 1962; Genetic aspects of capsule formation in the pneumococcus.. Brit, med. Bull 18:24
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Kauffmann F. 1951 Enterobacteriaceae Copenhagen: Einar Munksgaard;
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Lominski I., Lendrum A. C. 1947; The mechanism of swarming of Proteus.. J. Path. Bact 59:688
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Luria S. E. 1953; Host-induced modifications of viruses.. Cold. Spr. Harb. Symp. quant. Biol 18:237
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Ozeki H. 1956; Abortive transduction in purine-requiring mutants of Salmonella typhimurium. Genetic Studies with Bacteria.. Publ. Carneg. Instn 612:97
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Rauss K. 1936; The systematic position of Morgan's bacillus.. J. Path. Bact 42:183
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Stocker B. A. D. 1956; Abortive transduction of motility in Salmonella; a nonreplicated gene transmitted through many generations to a single descendant.. J. gen. Microbiol 15:575
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Stocker B. A. D., Zinder N. D., Lederberg J. 1953; Transduction of flagellar characteristics in Salmonella.. J. gen. Microbiol 9:410
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Thorne C. B. 1962; Transduction in Bacillus subtilis.. J. Bact 83:106
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Topley & Wilson. Principles of Bacteriology and Immunity 4th ed 1955 Ed. by Wilson G. S., Miles A. A. London: Edward Arnold;
  28. Zinder N. D., Lederberg J. 1952; Genetic exchange in Salmonella.. J. Bact 64:679
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-33-1-1
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-33-1-1
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error