1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: Evidence is presented that the distinction, already made on nutritional grounds, between lactaphilic and glycophilic strains of acetic acid bacteria may be traced back to the metabolic level. Thus, the capacity of cell extracts to effect reversible transamination from glutamate to aspartate was well developed in lactaphiles, but only feebly so, or not at all, in glycophiles. Again, suspensions of lactaphiles possessed greater general ability to oxidize intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle than did those of glycophiles. Cell extracts of lactaphiles possessed citrogenase activity, which was not detected in glycophiles. The conversion of -aspartate to α-alanine by extracts of lactaphiles appeared to proceed by β-decarboxylation, not by transamination.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-27-1-135
1962-01-01
2022-01-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/27/1/mic-27-1-135.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-27-1-135&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Asai R., Shoda K. 1958; The taxonomy of Acetobacter and allied oxidative bacteria. J. gen. appl. Microbiol. Japan 4:289
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brown G. D., Rainbow C. 1956; Nutritional patterns in acetic acid bacteria. J. gen. Microbiol 15:61
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Grant G. H., Rowe D. S., Stanworth D. R. 1958; The concentration of protein solutions by ultrafiltration through dialysis tubing. Biochem. J 69:13 P.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. King T. E., Cheldelin V. H. 1952; Oxidative dissimilation in Acetobacter mboccydans . J. Mol. Chem 198:127
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Leifson E. 1954; The flagellation and taxonomy of species of Acetobacter . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 20:102
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Lowry O. H., Rosebrough N. J., Farr A. L., Randall R. J. 1951; Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J. biol. Chem 193:265
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Macdonald R. E., Waterbury W. E. 1959; Colorimetric estimation of citric acid. Nature, Lond 184:988
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Meister A., Sober H. A., Tice S. V. 1951; Enzymic decarboxylation of aspartic acid to α-alanine. J. biol. Chem 189:577
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Ochoa S., Stern J. R., Schneider M. C. 1951; Enzymic synthesis of citric acid. 11. Crystalline condensing enzyme. J. biol. Chem 193:691
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Rabson R., Tolbert N. E. 1958; Detection of α-ketoglutaric acid and other keto-acids on paper chromatograms with ninhydrin. Nature, Lond 181:50
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Rainbow C., Mitson G. W. 1953; Nutritional requirements of acetic acid bacteria. J. gen. Microbiol 9:871
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Shimwell J. L. 1958; Flagellation and taxonomy of Acetobacter and Acetomonas . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 24:187
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Shimwell J. L. 1959; The genus Acetomonas . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol 25:853
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Vaughan R. H. 1942; The acetic acid bacteria. Wallerstein Labs. Commun 5:5
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-27-1-135
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-27-1-135
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error