1887

Abstract

Summary: Some properties of a marine bacterium are described. This organism belongs to a large, but ill-defined, group comprising Gram-negative rods with no apparent action on monosaccharides. It is a polar flagellate, has limited acid tolerance, consistent with its inability to produce acid from sugars and has no constitutive system for metabolizing glucose. A weak inducible system was available, however, which enabled adapted organisms to grow on glucose and use it as a respiratory substrate. The organism also lacks a constitutive citric acid cycle but ability to metabolize succinate was induced by growth on succinate or glucose. It cannot use inorganic nitrogen for growth. Of the compounds examined, amino acids were the most generally satisfactory sources of energy, carbon, and nitrogen. The organism accumulated a relatively large pool of intracellular amino acids which probably contributed largely to its high rate of endogenous respiration. The classification of the bacterium is discussed.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-23-3-471
1960-12-01
2022-01-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/23/3/mic-23-3-471.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-23-3-471&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Armstrong J.J., Baddiley J., Buchanan J.G., Davidson A.L., Kelemen M.V., Neuhaus F.C. 1959; Teichoic acids from bacterial walls. Nature; Lond.: 184247
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 1957, 7th ed.. Breed E. G. C., Murray, Smith N.R. Edited by Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co. ;
  3. Brown A.D. 1957; Some general properties of a psychrophilic pseudomonad: the effects of temperature on some of these properties and the utilization of glucose by this organism and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. . J. gen. Microbiol 17:640
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Brown A.D., Weidemann J.F. 1958; The taxonomy of the psychrophilic meat spoilage bacteria: a reassessment. J. appl. Bact 21:11
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Buchanan J.G., Dekker C.A., Long A.G. 1950; The detection of glycosides and non-reducing carbohydrates in paper-partition chromatography. J. chem. Soc p. 3162
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cocking E.C., Yemm E.W. 1954; Estimation of amino acids by ninhydrin. Bio-chem. J 58:xii
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Cummins C.S., Harris H. 1956; The chemical composition of the cell wall in some Gram-positive bacteria and its possible value as a taxonomic character. J. gen.Microbiol 14:583
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Cummins C.S., Harris H. 1958; Studies on the cell-wall composition and taxonomy of Actinomycetales and related groups. J. gen. Microbiol 18:173
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Davies D.A.L. 1957; The identification of aldoheptose sugars. Biochem. J 67:253
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Dische Z. 1953; Qualitative and quantitative colorimetric determination of heptoses. J. biol. Chem 204:983
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hugh R., Leifson E. 1953; The taxonomic significance of fermentative versus oxidative metabolism of carbohydrates by various Gram-negative bacteria. J. Bact 66:24
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kornberg H.L., Sadler J.R. 1960; Microbial oxidation of glycollate via a dicarboxylic acid cycle. Nature; Lond.: 185153
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Leifson E. 1951; Staining, shape and arrangement of bacterial flagella. J. Bact 62:377
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Payne W.J. 1958; Studies on bacterial utilization of uronic acids. III. Induction of oxidative enzymes in a marine isolate. J. Bact 76:301
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Rhodes M.E. 1959; The characterization of Pseudomonas fluorescens. . J. gen.Microbiol 21:221
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rondle C.J.M., Morgan W.T.J. 1955; The determination of glucosamine and galactosamine. Biochem. J 61:586
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Salton M.R.J. 1958; The lysis of micro-organisms by lysozyme and related enzymes. J. gen. Microbiol 18:481
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Salton M.R.J., Horne R.W. 1951; Studies on the bacterial cell wall. II. Methods of preparation and some properties of cell walls. Biochem. Mophys.acta 7:177
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Shewan J.M., Hodgkiss W., Liston J. 1954; A method for the rapid differentiation of certain non-pathogenic asporogenous bacilli. Nature; Lond.: 173208
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Somogyi M. 1952; Notes on sugar determination. J. biol. Chem 195:19
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Tomlinson N., Macleod R.A. 1957; Nutrition and metabolism of marine bacteria. IV.The participation of Na+, K+, and Mg++ salts in the oxidation of exogenous substrates by a marine bacterium. Canad. J. Microbiol 3:627
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Zobell C.E. 1946 Marine Microbiology Waltham, Mass.: Chronica Botanica Press;
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-23-3-471
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-23-3-471
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error