1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: The literature of ‘volutin’ granules is reviewed in an attempt to clarify the meaning of the term in respeet to trypanosomes. Fifteen species of trypanosomes have been examined by phase-contrast microscopy and the morphology and natural history of their cytoplasmic inclusions described. It is suggested that the formation of inclusions in trypanosomes circulating in the blood of mammals represents a constant phenomenon which is closely related in time to the immune reaction of the host; other evidence suggests that this relationship is not fortuitous. In addition, the formation of inclusions in and appears to be related to polymorphism, notwithstanding the wide differences in the manner and time in which polymorphism (and associated cytoplasmic inclusions) occur within their cycles in the vertebrate host.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-19-2-271
1958-10-01
2021-07-24
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/19/2/mic-19-2-271.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-19-2-271&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Babes V. 1895; Beobachtungen über die metachromatischen Körperchen, Sporenbildung, Verzweigung, Kolben- und Kapsel-bildungpathogener Bakterien. Z. Hyg. InfektKr 20:412
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Baker J. R. 1955; Studies on Trypanosoma avium Danilewsky 1885. II. Transmission by Omithomyia amcularia L. Parasitology 46:321
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Barnard E. A., Danielli J. F. 1956; A cytochemical reaction for nucleo- protein. Nature; Lond: 1781450
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Barrow J. H. 1954; The biology of Trypanosoma diemyctyli. II. Cytology and morphology of T. diemyctyli in the vertebrate host Triturus viridescens. Trans. Amer. micr. Soc 73:242
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Berghe L. van den. 1942; Sur la présence d’acide pentosenucléique sous forme des grains de ‘volutine’ dans les trypanosomes. Acta biol. belg 2:464
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brachet J. 1941; Localization des acides pentosenucléiques dans les tissus et les oeufs d’amphibiens en voie de développement. Arch. Biol., Paris 53:207
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bringmann G., Holz J. 1953; Licht- und elektronen-mikroskopische Unter-suchungen zum Sero-Farbtest auf Toxoplasmose nach Sabin und Feldman. Z. Hyg. InfektKr 138:151
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruce D., Harvey D., Hamerton A. E., Davey J. B., Bruce M. E. 1915; Morphology of various strains of the trypanosome-T. brucei vel rhodesiense-causing disease in Nyasaland. Rep. Sleep. Sickn. Comm. roy. Soc 16:96
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Casperson T., Brand K. 1941; Nucleotidumsatz und Wachstum bei Presshefe. Protoplasma 35:507
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Coventry F. A. 1930; The trypanosomal action of specific antiserums on Trypanosoma lewisi in vivo. Amer. J. Hyg 12:366
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dämle S. P., Krishnan P. S. 1954; Studies on the role of metaphosphate in moulds. I. Quantitative studies on metachromatic effect of metaphosphate. Arch. Biochem. Biophys 49:58
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Danielli J. F. 1947; A study of techniques for the cytochemical demonstration of nucleic acids and some components of proteins. Symp. Soc. exp. Biol 1:101
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Desowitz R. S., Watson H. J. C. 1953; Studies on Trypanosoma vivax. IV. The maintenance of a strain in white rats without sheep serum supplement. Ann. trop. Med. ParaSit 47:62
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Ebel J. P. 1952; Recherches sur les polyphosphates contenus dans diverses cellules vivantes. II. Étude chromatographique et potentiométrique des polyphosphates de levure. Bull. Soc. chim. Biol 34:330
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Erdmann R. 1910; Kern und metachromatische Körper bei Sarkosporidien. Arch. Protistenk 20:239
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Garnham P. C. C. 1956; Isolation of a new strain of Trypanosoma cruzi. Trans, roy. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg 50:613
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Gerzeli G. 1955; Richerche istochimiche ed istomorfologiche sui trypanosomidi. Riv. Parassit 16:209
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Grimme A. 1902; Die wichtigsten Methoden der Bakterienfärbung in ihrer Wirkung auf die Membran, den Protoplasten und die Einschlüsse der Bakterienzelle. Zbl. Bakt 32:161
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Guilliermond A. 1910; À propos des corpuscules métachromatiques ou grains de volutine. Arch. Protistenk 19:289
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hoare C. A. 1957; The classification of trypanosomes of veterinary and medical importance. Vet. Rev. & Annot 3:1
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Hotchkiss R. D. 1948; A microchemical reaction resulting in the staining of polysaccharide structures in fixed tissue preparations. Arch. Biochem 16:131
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Kossel A. 1882; Zur Chemie des Zellkerns. Hoppe-Seyl. Z 7:7
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Kunze W. 1907; Über Orcheobius herpobdellae Schuberg et Kunze. Arch. Protistenk 9:382
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lelong M., Desmonts G. 1951; L’emploi du microscope à contraste de phase dans la réaction de Sabin-Feldman. C.R. Soc. Biol., Paris 145:1660
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lison L. 1935; Études sur la métachromasie, colorants métachromatiques et substances chromotropes. Arch. Biol., Paris 46:599
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Meyer A. 1904; Orientierende Untersuchungen über Verbreitung, Morphologie und Chemie des Volutins. Bot. Ztg 62:113
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Michaelis L. 1944; Theory of metachromatic staining. Biol. Bull., Wood’s Hole 87:155
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Minchin E. A. 1909; The structure of Trypanosoma lewisi in relation to microscopical technique. Quart. J. micr. Sci 53:755
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Mitchell J. S. 1942; Disturbance of nucleic acid metabolism produced by therapeutic doses of X and gamma radiations. II. Accumulations of pentose nucleotides in cytoplasm after irradiation. Brit. J. exp. Path 23:296
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Nigrelli R. F. 1929; On the cytology and life history of Trypanosoma diemyctyli and the polynuclear count of infected newts (Triturus viridescens). Trans. Amer. micr. Soc 48:366
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Ormerod W. E. 1951; A study of basophilic inclusion bodies produced by chemotherapeutic agents in trypanosomes. Brit. J. Pharmacol 6:334
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Rego S., Garnham P. C. C. 1956; The ‘Y’ strain of Trypanosoma cruzi: leish-manial development in the spleen of mice. Trans, roy. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg 50:299
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Reichenow E. 1910; Haemogregarina stepanovi. Die Entwicklungsgeschichte einer Hamogregarine. Arch. Protistenk 20:251
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Sabin A. B., Feldman H. A. 1948; Dyes as microchemical indicators of a new immunity phenomenon affecting a protozoon parasite (Toxoplasma). Science 108:660
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Salvin-Moore J. E., Breinl A. 1908; The cytology of Trypanosomes. I. Ann. trop. Med. Parasit 1:441
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Swellengrebel N. H. 1908; La volutine chez les trypanosomes. C.R. Soc. Biol., Paris 64:38
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Taliaferro W. H. 1941; The immunology of the parasitic protozoa. In Protozoa in Biological Research p. 830 Calkins G. N., Summers F. M. Eds New York: Columbia University Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Thompson J. G., de Muro P. 1932; The influence of Treponema duttoni on an infection with Trypanosoma rhodesiense in mice. J. trop. Med. Hyg 35:33
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Walton K. W. 1952; The biological behaviour of a new synthetic anticoagulant (dextran sulphate) possessing heparin-like properties. Brit. J. Pharmacol 7:370
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Wenyon C. M. 1926 Protozoology London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox;
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Wiame J. H. 1947; Étude d’une substance polyphosphorée, basophile et méta-chromatique chez les levures. Biochim. biophys. Acta 1:234
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Wolcott G. B. 1952; Mitosis in Trypanosoma lewisi. J. Morph 90:189
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-19-2-271
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-19-2-271
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error