1887

Abstract

SUMMARY: The requirements for growth factors, amino acids and inorganic constituents were determined for three strains of (Veillon & Zuber) Holland. A number of substances were tested as energy sources for this organism, and the influence of pH value and temperature on growth was determined. The minimal medium evolved contained: alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, eystine, glutamic acid, histidine, isoleueine, leueine (methionine), phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine and valine; ammonium chloride, magnesium chloride, ferrous chloride, sodium-potassium phosphate buffer; glucose; adenine, biotin, calcium pantothenate and pyridoxine.

For maximal growth the presence of lysine, glycine and serine was necessary. Maximal growth was affected by the balance of amino acids in the medium; the balance of sodium and potassium ions was also important. Certain strain differences were noticed with respect to amino acid and vitamin requirements. Methionine was needed by one strain only; none of the strains required serine (reported essential for strain BP6K of Boyd, Logan & Tytell, 1948), whereas aspartic acid was essential for all strains tested but not for BP6K. Riboflavine, an essential growth factor in BP6K, had no effect on growth of the strains tested. One of the strains showed a need for added nicotinamide when transferred to a nicotinamide-free medium after several transfers in peptone water.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-16-2-317
1957-04-01
2019-10-21
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