1887

Abstract

The leader is a determinant of extreme mRNA stability. The authors examined what properties of the leader confer stability on an mRNA. The secondary structure of the leader mRNA was analysed and , and mutations were introduced into different domains of an leader– fusion. The half-lives of the corresponding transcripts were determined and β-galactosidase activities were measured. Removal of a stem–loop structure at the 5′ end or diminishing the strength of the RBS reduced the half-lives from more than 25 min to about 5 min. Interfering with translation by abolishing the start codon or creating an early stop codon had no or little effect on mRNA stability. The authors conclude that a 5′ stem–loop and binding of ribosomes are necessary for the stability of leader mRNA. The present results, together with a number of other data, suggest that translation of a . mRNA is generally not important for its stability; the situation seems different in . It is further concluded that the calculated strength of a . RBS cannot be used to predict the stability of the corresponding transcript.

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2002-06-01
2021-07-29
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