1887

Abstract

Initial contact between the opportunistic fungal pathogen and host tissue occurs at the cell surface. Biotin derivatives have been used to label the cell-surface proteins of yeasts, with labelled proteins subsequently detected by avidin–reporter conjugates. Previous work has indicated that avidin can bind to proteins in the absence of biotin, suggesting a possible host-cell-recognition mechanism by fungal cell-surface proteins. To investigate this mechanism, Western blots of proteins extracted from biotinylated and mock-treated cells were probed with avidin or modified-avidin reagents. Each avidin reagent bound to cell-wall proteins extracted from non-biotinylated cells. Binding did not appear to be due to the lectin-like activity of the cell-wall proteins of or to the presence of biotin in the sample itself. Binding was inhibited by added biotin, by the chaotrope KSCN and by NaCl in a concentration-dependent manner, although inhibition varied among the avidin conjugates tested. Thus, the non-specific binding of avidin to the cell-wall proteins of appears to involve hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, depending on the particular avidin species. These observations demonstrate potential pitfalls in the use of avidin–biotin complexes to identify cell-surface molecules and could provide insights into protein–protein interactions at the cell wall.

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2002-04-01
2019-12-11
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