1887

Abstract

CB1, an important sourdough lactic acid bacterium, can withstand low pH after initial exposure to sublethal acidic conditions. The sensitivity to low pH varied according to the type of acid used. Treatment of CB1 with chloramphenicol during acid adaptation almost completely eliminated the protective effect, suggesting that induction of protein synthesis was required for the acid-tolerance response. Two constitutively acid-tolerant mutants, CB1-5R and CB1-7R, were isolated using natural selection techniques after sequential exposure to lactic acid (pH 32). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis of protein expression by non-adapted, acid-adapted and acid-tolerant mutant cells of showed changes in the levels of 63 proteins. While some of the modifications were common to the acid-adapted and acid-tolerant mutant cells, several differences, especially regarding the induced proteins, were determined. The two mutants showed a very similar level of protein expression. Antibodies were used to identify heat-shock proteins DnaJ, DnaK, GroES and GrpE. Only GrpE showed an increased level of expression in the acid-adapted and acid-tolerant mutants as compared with non-adapted cells. The N-terminal sequence was determined for two proteins, one induced in both the acid-adapted and mutant cells and the other showing the highest induction factor of those proteins specifically induced in the acid-adapted cells. This second protein has 60% identity with the N-terminal portion of YhaH, a transmembrane protein of , which has 54 and 47% homology with stress proteins identified in and . The constitutively acid-tolerant mutants showed other different phenotypic features compared to the parental strain: (i) the aminopeptidase activity of CB1-5R decreased and that of CB1-7R markedly increased, especially in acid conditions; (ii) the growth in culture medium at 10 °C and in the presence of 5% NaCl was greater (the same was found for acid-adapted cells); and (iii) the acidification rate during sourdough fermentation in acid conditions was faster and greater.

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2001-07-01
2022-01-21
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