1887

Abstract

The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) functions as a transcription repressor of many genes in bacteria in response to iron, but the presence of a functional equivalent of this protein has not been demonstrated in . A segment of the gene was amplified using degenerate primers and used to identify chromosomal restriction fragments containing the entire genes of and . These fragments were cloned and sequenced, revealing the Fur protein of both species to be a polypeptide of 142 amino acids possessing a high degree of amino acid sequence identity to Fur of other members of the β subclass of the . Primer extension analysis demonstrated that transcription of originated from a single promoter located 36 bp upstream from the translation initiation codon. The Fur polypeptide of was shown to functionally substitute for Fur in an mutant. Single copy fusions were constructed and used to examine the regulation of . The promoter was not responsive to iron availability, the presence of hydrogen peroxide or the superoxide generator methyl viologen. In addition, expression was not significantly influenced by carbon source. Interestingly, the presence of the divergently transcribed / gene upstream of in some members of the γ subclass of the is retained in several genera within the β taxon, including .

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2001-05-01
2019-10-15
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