1887

Abstract

The major intrinsic proteins (MIPs) constitute a widespread membrane channel family essential for osmotic cell equilibrium. The MIPs can be classified into three functional subgroups: aquaporins, glycerol facilitators and aquaglyceroporins. Bacterial MIP genes have been identified in archaea as well as in Gram-positive and Gram-negative eubacteria. However, with the exception of , most bacterial MIPs have been analysed by sequence homology. Since no MIP has yet been functionally characterized in Gram-positive bacteria, we have studied one of these members from . This MIP is shown to be permeable to glycerol, like GlpF, and to water, like AqpZ. This is the first characterization of a microbial MIP that has a mixed function. This result provides important insights to reconstruct the evolutionary history of the MIP family and to elucidate the molecular pathway of water and other solutes in these channels.

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2001-05-01
2021-10-16
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