1887

Abstract

The heat inducibility of the yeast heat-shock response (HSR) pathway has been shown to be critically dependent on the level of unsaturated fatty acids present in the cell. Here the inducibility by heat or salt of the independently regulated general stress response (GSR) pathway is shown to be affected in the same way. An increase in the percentage of unsaturated fatty acids in heat- or salt-acclimated cells correlated with a decrease in the induction of a general stress-response-promoter-element (STRE)-driven reporter gene by either stress. Despite inducing reporter gene expression, sorbic acid treatment did not confer salt cross-tolerance on the cells. This failure correlated with a failure to increase the percentage of unsaturated fatty acids in the cells, suggesting that GSR pathway induction, in the absence of lipid changes, is insufficient for the induction of cross-tolerance. Cells grown with fatty acid supplements under anaerobic conditions provided further evidence for a potential role for lipids in the acquisition of stress resistance. These cells contained different fatty acid profiles depending on the fatty acid supplement supplied, exhibited differential sensitivity to both heat and salt stress, but had not undergone STRE induction. These results suggest that heat- and salt-stress induction of the GSR are sensitive to the level of unsaturated fatty acids present in the cell and that stress cross-tolerance may be a lipid-mediated phenomenon. Given that an increased level of unsaturated fatty acids also down-regulates heat induction of the HSR pathway, these observations lead to the provocative hypothesis that lipid modifications, rather than HSR or GSR pathway induction, are a major contributor to the induced heat and salt tolerance of yeast cells.

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2000-04-01
2020-09-28
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