1887

Abstract

A glucoamylase::green fluorescent protein fusion (GLA::sGFP) was constructed which allows the green fluorescent protein to be used as an reporter of protein secretion in . Two secretory fusions were designed for secretion of GLA::sGFP which employed slightly different lengths of the glucoamylase protein (GLA499 and GLA514). Expression of GLA::sGFP revealed that fluorescence was localized in the hyphal cell walls and septa, and that fluorescence was most intense at hyphal apices. Extracellular GLA::sGFP was detectable by Western blotting only in the supernatant of young cultures grown in soya milk medium. In older cultures, acidification of the medium and induction of proteases were probably responsible for the loss of extracellular and cell wall fluorescence and the inability to detect GLA::sGFP by Western analysis. A strain containing the GLA::sGFP construct was subjected to UV mutagenesis and survivors screened for mutations in the general secretory pathway. Three mutants were isolated that were unable to form a halo on either starch or gelatin medium. All three mutants grew poorly compared to the parental strain. Fluorescence microscopy revealed that for two of the mutants, GLA::sGFP accumulated intracellularly with no evidence of wall fluorescence, whereas for the third mutant, wall fluorescence was observed with no evidence of intracellular accumulation. These results indicate that the GLA::sGFP fusion constructs can be used as convenient fluorescent markers to study the dynamics of protein secretion and as a tool in the isolation of mutants in the general secretory pathway.

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2000-02-01
2020-01-21
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