1887

Abstract

The cloning, using a PCR approach, of genes from both and encoding an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (AcdH), putatively involved in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids, is reported. The deduced amino acid sequences of both genes have a high similarity to prokaryotic and eukaryotic short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases. When the and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase genes () were expressed in , each of the AcdH flavoproteins was able to oxidize the branched-chain acyl-CoA derivatives isobutyryl-CoA, isovaleryl-CoA and cyclohexylcarbonyl-CoA, as well as the short straight-chain acyl-CoAs -butyryl-CoA and -valeryl-CoA . NMR spectral data confirmed that the oxidized product of isobutyryl-CoA is methacrylyl-CoA, which is the expected product at the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase step in the catabolism of valine in streptomycetes. Disruption of the produced a mutant unable to grow on solid minimal medium containing valine, isoleucine or leucine as sole carbon sources. Feeding studies with C triple-labelled isobutyrate revealed a significant decrease in the incorporation of label into the methylmalonyl-CoA-derived positions of avermectin in the mutant. In contrast the mutation did not affect incorporation into the malonyl-CoA-derived positions of avermectin. These results are consistent with the gene encoding an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase with a broad substrate specificity that has a role in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids in and .

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1999-09-01
2020-09-28
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