1887

Abstract

Adhesion of to human endothelial cells is implicated in the pathogenesis of invasive staphylococcal disease. The adhesion to endothelial cells of isogenic mutants defective in defined surface structures was studied. Three strains of defective in fibronectin-binding proteins FnBPA and FnBPB showed reduced adhesion. This was fully restored by complementation of a FnBPA FnBPB mutant derived from strain 8325-4 with a multicopy plasmid encoding FnBPA or FnBPB. Adhesion of mutants defective in other surface structures was unaffected. Anti-fibronectin antibodies blocked adhesion of 8325-4 to endothelial cells, while adhesion of strains 8325-4, P1 and five clinical isolates was inhibited by the recombinant form of the binding domain of FnBPB (rFNBD) from . Adherence of bacterial aggregates resulting from the presence of purified fibrinogen was also inhibited by rFNBD protein. Three strains of defective in FnBPA and FnBPB were not internalized by endothelial cells. FnBPs mediate adhesion to human endothelial cells and are required for subsequent internalization, interactions of potential relevance to pathogenesis and treatment.

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1999-12-01
2020-02-17
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