1887

Abstract

Anaerobic catabolism of toluene is initiated by addition of the methyl group of toluene to the double bond of a fumarate cosubstrate to yield the first intermediate, benzylsuccinate. This reaction is catalysed by the glycyl-radical enzyme benzylsuccinate synthase, as shown for the denitrifying bacterium . Benzylsuccinate is further oxidized to benzoyl-CoA, the central intermediate of anaerobic degradation of aromatic compounds. The authors show here by experiments with cell extracts of toluene-grown that the pathway of benzylsuccinate oxidation requires activation of the free acid to a CoA-thioester, catalysed by a toluene-induced, reversible succinyl-CoA-dependent CoA-transferase. The product of the CoA-transferase reaction, benzylsuccinyl-CoA, is oxidized to benzoyl-CoA and succinyl-CoA in extracts of toluene-grown cells, adding proof to the proposed anaerobic toluene-catabolic pathway. The stereochemical preferences of the enzymes catalysing formation and activation of benzylsuccinate have been analysed. Benzylsuccinate synthase was found to produce exclusively ()-(+)-benzylsuccinate, although the proposed reaction mechanism of this enzyme proceeds via radical intermediates. In accordance, the reaction of succinyl-CoA:benzylsuccinate CoA-transferase is also specific for ()-(+)-benzylsuccinate and does not proceed with the ()-(−)-enantiomer.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-145-11-3265
1999-11-01
2020-01-23
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