1887

Abstract

The antibiotic TA of is a complex macrocyclic polyketide, produced through successive condensations of acetate by a type I PKS (polyketide synthase) mechanism. The genes encoding TA biosynthesis are clustered on a 36 kb DNA fragment, which has been cloned and analysed. The chemical structure of TA and the mechanism by which it is synthesized indicate the need for several post-modification steps, which are introduced into the carbon chain of the polyketide to form the final bioactive molecule. These include the addition of several carbon atoms originating from acetate carbonyl, three C-methylations, O-methylation and a specific hydroxylation. This paper reports the analysis of five genes which are involved in the post-modification of TA. Their functional analysis, by specific gene disruption, suggests that they may be essential for the production of the active antibiotic. The characteristics and organization of the genes suggest that they may be involved in the addition of the carbon atoms which arise from acetate.

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1999-11-01
2019-12-15
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