1887

Abstract

Summary: The production of different hydrolytic enzyme activities by , a mycoparasite of fruit bodies, was examined in cultures grown with various carbon sources (glucose, fructose, sucrose and cell walls). Several of the identified enzymes were influenced by the carbon source. The results of cell wall digestion by these enzymes have been compared with infection of fruit bodies . Evidence supporting mycoparasite enzymic action on the host cell walls is presented.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-143-9-2999
1997-09-01
2021-05-07
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/143/9/mic-143-9-2999.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-143-9-2999&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Avellán M. A., García Mendoza C., Novaes-Ledieu M. 1986; Relationship between the presence of wall mucilage and the cellular disruption method employed in Agaricus bisporus tertiary mycelium. FEMS Microbiol Lett 34:101–104
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bartnicki-García S. 1968; Cell wall chemistry, morphogenesis and taxonomy of fungi. Annu Rev Bacteriol 22:87–108
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bradford M. M. 1976; A rapid and sensitive method for quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem 72:248–254
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bull A. T. 1970; Inhibition of polysaccharidases by melanin: enzyme inhibition in relation to mycolysis. Arch Biochem Biophys 137:345–356
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Davis B. J. 1964; Disc electrophoresis. II. Method and application to human serum proteins. Ann N Y Acad Sci 121:404–427
    [Google Scholar]
  6. De la Cruz J., Hidalgo-Gallego A., Lora J. M., Benitez T., Pintor-Toro J. A., Llobel A. 1992; Isolation and characterization of three chitinases from Trichoderma harzianum . Eur J Biochem 206:859–867
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dragt J. W., Gells F. P., Rutjens A. J., Van Griensven L. J. L. D. 1995; Resistance in wild types of Agaricus bisporus to the mycoparasite Verticillium fungicola var. fungicola . Mushroom Sci 14:679–683
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Dragt J. W., Gells F. P., De Bruijn C., Van Griensven L. J. L. D. 1996; Intracellular infection of the cultivated mushroom Agaricus bisporus by the mycoparasite Verticillium fungicola var. fungicola . Mycol Res 100:1082–1086
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Elad Y., Chet I., Henis Y. 1982; Degradation of plant pathogenic fungi by Trichoderma harzianum . Can J Microbiol 28:719–725
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Elad Y., Lifshitz R., Baker R. 1985; Enzymatic activity of the mycoparasite Pythium nunn during interaction with host and non-host fungi. Physiol Plant Pathol 27:131–148
    [Google Scholar]
  11. García Mendoza C., Avellán M. A., Sanchez E., Novaes-Ledieu M. 1987a; Differentiation and wall chemistry of Agaricus bisporus vegetative and aggregated mycelia. Arch Microbiol 148:68–71
    [Google Scholar]
  12. García Mendoza C., Sanchez E., Novaes-Ledieu M. 1987b; Differences in microfibrils in the walls of Agaricus bisporus secondary mycelium. FEMS Microbiol Lett 44:161–165
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Kalberer P. 1984; Some properties of extracellular proteolytic enzyme of Verticillium fungicola, a pathogen of the cultivated mushroom Agaricus bisporus . Phythopathol Z 110:213–220
    [Google Scholar]
  14. McCreath K. J., Gooday G. W. 1992; A rapid and sensitive microassay for determination of chitinolytic activity. J Microbiol Methods 14:229–237
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Matthews C. T. 1983 The pathology and ecology of Verticillium fungicola (Preuss) Hassebrauk pp. 39–71165–170 PhD thesis University of Bath;
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Michaels T. J. 1973 Studies on the Verticillium disease of mushroom: extracellular hydrolases of Verticillium malthousei Ware and in vitro host–pathogen relationships p. 52. MS thesis University of Nevada;
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Mol P. C., Wessels J. G. H. 1990; Differences in watt structure between substrate hyphae and hyphae of fruit body stipes in Agaricus bisporus . Mycol Res 94:472–479
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Mol P. C., Vermeulen C. A., Wessels J. G. H. 1990; Diffuse extension of hyphae in stipes of Agaricus bisporus may be based on a unique wall structure. Mycol Res 94:480–488
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Nelson N. J. 1957; Colorimetric analysis of sugars. Methods Enzymol 3:85–86
    [Google Scholar]
  20. North L. H., Wuest P. J. 1993; The infection process and symptom expression of verticillium disease of Agaricus bisporus . Can J Plant Pathol 15:74–80
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Pan S. Q., Ye X. S., Kué J. 1989; Direct detection of β(1,3)-glucanase isozymes on polyacrylamide electrophoresis and isoelectrofocusing gels. Anal Biochem 182:136–140
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Raper C. A., Raper J. R., Miller R. E. 1972; Genetic analysis of the life-cycle of Agaricus bisporus . Mycologia 64:1088–1117
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Riessig J. L., Strominger J. L., Leloir L. F. 1955; A modified colorimetric method of the estimation of N-acetylamino sugars. J Biol Chem 27:959–966
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Somogyi M. 1952; Notes on sugar determination. J Biol Chem 195:19–23
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Trigiano R. N., Fergus C. L. 1979; Extracellular enzymes of some fungi associated with mushroom culture. Mycologia 71:908–917
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Trudel J., Asselin A. 1989; Detection of chitinase activity after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Anal Biochem 178:362–366
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Ware W. M. 1933; A disease of cultivated mushroom caused by Verticillium malthousei sp. nov. Ann Bot 47:763–785
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-143-9-2999
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-143-9-2999
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error