A new insertion sequence (IS) has been isolated from It is 1361 bp long and possesses characteristics of the IS3 family elements. It harbours 32 bp imperfect inverted repeats at its extremities and a 3 bp direct repeat flanks the element, possibly as the result of a transposition event. This IS, IS1137, contains three major ORFs. Two of them, ORF A and ORF B show homologies both at the amino acid sequence level and at the organization level with the ORFs encoding the transposase of the IS3 family elements. IS1137 has a narrow host range and was found only in and The fact that IS1137 is not present in the complex strains makes this element a new candidate for transposon mutagenesis in mycobacteria.


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