Summary: The gene, coding for endoglucanase I (Cell), consists of an open reading frame (ORF) of 2640 nucleotides and codes for a protein of 98531. The ORF was confirmed as by comparing the N-terminal sequence of purified recombinant Cell with that deduced from the nucleotide sequence. Cell hydrolysed lichenan and carboxymethylcellulose, but was principally active against barley β-glucan. It exhibited significant sequence identity with subfamily E endoglucanases, and by analogy with others in this group contains a catalytic domain of around 500 residues located in the N-terminal half of the protein. The C-terminal region of Cell was highly homologous with the cellulose-binding domain of the non-catalytic cellulosome subunit, S1. A repeated segment, previously shown to be highly conserved in xylanase Z and in other endoglucanases from , was absent from Cell. Antiserum raised against purified recombinant Cell cross-reacted with proteins contained in the cellulosomes of two strains of , suggesting that Cell is either a component of the cellulosome or is homologous to other cellulosome proteins. A second gene, located upstream of , consisted of an ORF of 1671 nucleotides, coding for a protein of 61042. Based on its homology with the tar gene product, the polypeptide encoded by the second gene is tentatively identified as a sensory transducer.


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