Summary: strains were classified as virulent or avirulent on the basis of their clearance from the subcutaneous tissues of mice. To determine the factors which may contribute to the virulence of strains, we studied encapsulation, hydrophobicity, growth rate, serum sensitivity, agglutination with erythrocytes of different origin, and neuraminidase production. The strains of the virulent group displayed a higher growth rate in broth and a lower sensitivity to the bactericidal activity of serum than the strains of the avirulent group. They also agglutinated different types of erythrocytes more strongly than did the avirulent strains. No significant differences were found between the two groups of strains as regards encapsulation, hydrophobicity and neuraminidase activity.


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