Toxigenic strains of produce the 147 kDa protein toxin (PMT) which is responsible for the osteoclastic bone resorption in progressive atrophic rhinitis in pigs and induces such resorption in all experimental animals tested so far. In the present study we have carried out immunocytochemistry on formaldehyde- and glutaraldehyde-fixed ultracryocut using a pool of monoclonal antibodies against different epitopes on PMT as the first layer and affinity purified rabbit anti-mouse IgG as the second layer. Goat anti-rabbit IgG conjugated with 5 nm gold particles was used as marker. The gold particles were silver-enhanced prior to examination in the transmission electron microscope. Whole bacteria were also immunostained after fixation and critical point drying and examined by scanning transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that PMT was located in the cytoplasm of by scanning electron microscopy. Neither pili nor flagella could be detected on the surface of the negatively stained strains investigated. PMT has a series of characteristics encompassed in the definition of an exotoxin. However, that PMT was not secreted by living intact is unexpected for an exotoxin.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error