1887

Abstract

Nine different phages, øA1 to øA9, were isolated from soil samples on ATCC 11891, a strain which produces the macrolide antibiotic oleandomycin. Each phage displayed a different host-range which did not extend beyond species. Host-range was mainly limited by adsorption specificity and host-controlled restriction-modification systems. All the phages except øA3 and øA9 formed turbid plaques on , but did not lysogenize this host. However, three of the phages (øA5, øA7 and øA8) were identified as temperate, since they were able to lysogenize other strains. All of the phages were morphologically similar and belonged to group B of Bradley’s classification. They had polyhedral heads and long, non-contractile tails. øA5, øA6 and øA7 had a base plate at the terminal end of the tail. Analysis with restriction endonucleases indicated that the nine phages contained double-strandpd DNA. Hybridization studies between the phage genomes, together with results on genome structure, allowed classification of the phages into five groups: (I) øA2, øA4 and øA9, (II) øA3 and øA8, (III) øA7, (IV) øA5 and øA6, and (V) øA1.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-135-7-1847
1989-07-01
2021-08-04
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/135/7/mic-135-7-1847.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-135-7-1847&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Arrand J.R., Myers P.A., Roberts R.J. 1978; A new restriction endonuclease from Streptomyces albus G.. Journal of Molecular Biology 118:127–135
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Botstein D., Waddell C.H., King J. 1973; Mechanism of head assembly and DNA encapsulation in Salmonella phage P22. I. Genes, proteins, structure and DNA maturation.. Journal of Molecular Biology 80:669–695
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bradley S.R., Anderson D.L., Jones L.A. 1961; Phylogeny of actinomycetes as revealed by susceptibility to actinophage.. Developments in Industrial Microbiology 2:223–237
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chater K.F. 1977; A site-specific endodeoxyribo- nuclease from Streptomyces albus CMI 52766 sharing site-specificity with Providencia stuartii endonuclease Pstl.. Nucleic Acids Research 4:1989–1998
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chater K.F. 1980; A comparison of DNA cleavage by the restriction enzymes Sal PI and Pstl.. Nucleic Acids Research 8:4943–4954
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Chater K.F. 1986; Streptomyces phages and their applications to Streptomyces genetics.. In The Bacteria: a Treatise on Structure and Function,Antibiotic-producing Streptomyces IX: pp 119–158 Queener S. W., Day L. E. Edited by New York: Academic Press;
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Chater K.F., Carter A.T. 1979; A new wide host-range temperate bacteriophage, R4, of Streptomyces and its interaction with some restriction- modification systems.. Journal of General Microbiology 115:431–442
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Chater K.F., Wilde L.C. 1976; Restriction of a bacteriophage of Streptomyces albus G involving endonuclease Sail.. Journal of Bacteriology 128:644–650
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Chater K.F., Wilde L.C. 1980; Streptomyces albus G mutants defective in the Sal GI restriction- modification system.. Journal of General Microbiology 116:323–334
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Chater K.F., King A.A., Rodicio M.R., Bruton C.J., Fisher S.H., Piret J.M., Smith C.P., Foster S.G. 1985; The cloning and analysis of Streptomyces DNA in øC31-derived vectors.. In Microbiology - 1985 pp 421–426 Leive L. Edited by Washington DC: American Society for Microbiology;
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Chung S.T. 1982; Isolation and characterization of Streptomyces fradiae plasmids which are prophage of the actinophage øSFl.. Gene 17:239–246
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Dowding J.E. 1973; Characterization of a bacteriophage virulent for Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2).. Journal of General Microbiology 76:163–176
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Foor F., Roberts G.P., Morin N., Snyder L., Hwang M., Gibbons P.H., Paradiso M.J., Stotish R.L., Ruby C.L., Wolanski B., Streicher S.L. 1985; Isolation and characterization of the Streptomyces cattleya temperate phage TGI.. Gene 39:11–16
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Grund A.D., Hutchinson C.R. 1987; Bacteriophages of Saccharopolyspora erythraea.. Journal of Bacteriology 169:3013–3022
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hardisson C., Manzanal M.B., Salas J.A., Suarez J.E. 1978; Fine structure, physiology and biochemistry of arthrospore germination in Streptomyces antibioticus.. Journal of General Microbiology 105:203–214
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Harris J.E., Chater K.F., Bruton C.J., Piret J.M. 1983; The restriction mapping of c gene deletions in Streptomyces bacteriophage øC31 and their use in cloning vector development.. Gene 22:167–174
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hopwood D.A., Bibb M.J., Chater K.F., Kieser T., Bruton C.J., Kieser J.M., Lydiate D.J., Smith C.P., Ward J.M., Schrempf H. 1985 Genetic Manipulation of Streptomyces. A Laboratory Manual. Norwich:: The John Innes Foundation;
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jackson E.N., Jackson D.A., Doans R.J. 1978; EcoRl analysis of bacteriophage P22 DNA packaging.. Journal of Molecular Biology 113:365–388
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Klaus S., Krugel H., Suss F., Neigenfind M., Zimmermann J., Taubeneck U. 1981; Properties of the temperate actinophage SH10.. Journal of General Microbiology 123:269–279
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Korn F., Weingartner B., Kutzner H.J. 1978; A study of twenty actinophages: morphology, serological relationship and host range.. In Genetic of Actinomycetales (Proceedings of the Forschungsin- stitut Borstel), pp 251–270 Freerksen E., Tárnok I., Thumin J.H. Edited by Stuttgart:: G. Fisher;
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Labeda D.P. 1987; Transfer of the type strain Streptomyces erythraeus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948 to the genus Saccharopolyspora Lacey and Goodfellow 1975 as Saccharopolyspora erythraea sp. nov., and designation of a neotype strain for Streptomyces erythraeus.. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 37:19–22
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lechevalier H.A., Lechevalier M.P. 1981; Introduction to the order Actinomycetales.. In The Prokaryotes. A Handbook on Habitats, Isolation and Identification of Bacteria, II: pp 1915–1922 Starr M. P., Stolp H., Trüper H. G., Balows A., Schlegel H. G. Edited by Berlin: Springer-Verlag;
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Leyh-Bouille M., Bonaly R., Ghuysen J.M., Tinelli R., Tipper D. 1970; ll-Diaminopimelic acid containing peptidoglycans in walls of Streptomyces sp. and of Clostridium perfringens (type A).. Biochemistry 9:2944–2952
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lomovskaya N.D., Chater K.F., Mkrtumian N.M. 1980; Genetics and molecular biology of Streptomyces bacteriophages.. Microbiological Reviews 44:206–229
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Lomovskaya N.D., Mkrtumian N.M., Gostims-Kaya N.L., Danilenko V.N. 1972; Characterization of temperate actinophage øC31 isolated from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2).. Journal of Virology 9:258–262
    [Google Scholar]
  26. McHenney M.A., Baltz R.H. 1988; Transduction of plasmid DNA in Streptomyces spp. and related genera by bacteriophage FP43.. Journal of Bacteriology 170:2276–2282
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Morino T., Isogai T., Kojima H., Takahashi H., Saito H. 1983; Cleavage analysis of actinophage R4 and its deletion mutants.. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 47:1873–1878
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Roberts R.J. 1987; Restriction enzymes and their isoschizomers.. Nucleic Acids Research 15:rl89–r217
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Sladkova J.A. 1982; Circular permutations of DNA molecules of Streptomyces griseus K5 actinophage Pg2.. Molecular Biology (USSR) 16:98–103
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Sternberg N., Hoess R. 1983; The molecular genetics of bacteriophage PI.. Annual Review of Genetics 17:123–158
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Suarez J.E., Chater K.F. 1981; Development of a DNA cloning system in Streptomyces using phage vectors.. Ciencia biologica 6:90–110
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Suárez J.E., Caso J.L., Rodríguez A., Hardisson C. 1984; Structural characteristics of the Streptomyces bacteriophageøC3l.. FEMS Microbiology Letters 22:113–117
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Thompson C.J., Ward J.M., Hopwood D.A. 1980; DNA cloning in Streptomyces: resistance genes from antibiotic-producing species.. Nature London: 286:525–527
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Voeykova J.A., Slavinskaya E.V., Orekhov A.V., Lomovskaya N.D. 1979; Identification of restriction and modification systems in Streptomyces strains.. Genetika 15:1746–1756
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Walter F., Hartmann M., Klaus S. 1981; Restriction endonuclease analysis of DNA from the Streptomyces phages SH3, SH5, SH10 and SH13.. Gene 13:57–63
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-135-7-1847
Loading
/content/journal/micro/10.1099/00221287-135-7-1847
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error