SUMMARY: , grown aerobically in glucose-containing media, produced C, c and C saturated long-chain alcohols only after the end of exponential growth. Contents of C alcohols were always lowest, and c and c alcohol contents about equal. Contents of all three classes of alcohol increased as the concentration of glucose in aerobic cultures harvested after 168 h incubation was raised from 1.0 to 30.0% (w/v). However, in 168 h anaerobic cultures, greatest long-chain alcohol contents in organisms were obtained using media containing 10% (w/v) glucose. Substituting glucose (10%, w/v) with the same concentration of galactose in aerobic cultures greatly decreased contents of long-chain alcohols, while inclusion of 10% (w/v) glycerol virtually abolished their synthesis. Supplementing anaerobic cultures with odd-chain fatty acids induced synthesis of odd-chain alcohols. Maximum conversion of fatty acid to the corresponding long-chain alcohol was observed with heptadecanoic acid. The effect of glucose on production of heptadecanol from exogenously provided heptadecanoic acid was similar to that observed on synthesis of the three major even-chain alcohols in media lacking a fatty-acid supplement. Cell-free extracts of organisms catalysed conversion of palmitoyl-CoA to 1-hexadecanol.


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