SUMMARY: Auxotrophic mutants of 104A14 were isolated using nitrous acid mutagenesis followed by penicillin enrichment. Mutants in ornithine transcarbamylase, argininosuccinate synthetase or serine-glycine biosynthesis formed nitrogen-fixing (Fix) nodules on the roots of alfalfa (). Mutants with defects in ornithine, pyrimidine, purine, asparagine, leucine, methionine or tyrosine biosynthesis, in one-carbon metabolism or in carbamoylphosphate synthetase formed nodules but these nodules were unable to fix nitrogen. Prototrophic revertants were always Fix. Plasmids that would complement many of these auxotrophs were isolated by transduction with a P2 cosmid gene bank of 104A14. These plasmids were then introduced into mutants of the same and different classes and the growth and symbiotic phenotypes of the new strains were determined. In all cases, complementation of the nutritional defect restored symbiotic nitrogen fixation.


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