SUMMARY: mutants with altered penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs), or altered expression of PBPs, were isolated by screening for changes in susceptibility to β-lactam antibiotics. Mutations affecting only PBPs 2a, 2b and 3 were isolated. Cell shape and peptidoglycan metabolism were examined in representative mutants. Cells of a PBP 2a mutant (UB8521) were usually twisted whereas PBP 2b (UB8524) and 3 (UB8525) mutants produced helices, particularly after growth at 41 °C. The PBP 2a mutant (UB8521) had a higher peptidoglycan synthetic activity than its parent strain whereas the opposite applied to the PBP 2b mutant UB8524. The PBP 3 mutant (UB8525) had a similar peptidoglycan synthetic activity to that of the parent strain when grown at 37 °C, but 40% higher activity after growth at 41°C. The PBP 2a mutant (UB8521) exhibited the same wall thickening activity as the parent, but the PBP 2b and 3 mutants (UB8524 and UB8525) were partially defective in this respect. The changes in the susceptibility of PBP 2a, 2b and 3 mutants to β-lactam antibiotics imply that these PBPs are killing targets, consistent with the fact that these PBPs are also important for shape determination and peptidoglycan synthesis.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Most cited this month Most Cited RSS feed

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error