SUMMARY: A glycine-resistant mutant (), derived from the mutant, was isolated and characterized. [ itself has a deletion in the structural gene for NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH).] This new mutation also conferred resistance to serine and methionine sulphoximine (MS), which are inhibitors of glutamine synthetase (GS). In addition, the mutant obtained grew better on ammonium than the parental strain. Resistance to glycine was not due to increased synthesis of glutamine by an altered or induced GS, nor to increased glutamate synthesis by induction of the catabolic NAD-dependent GDH, nor to NADH-dependent glutamate synthase (GOGAT), which was as sensitive to inhibitors as the GOGAT from the parental strain. The glycine-resistance mutation lowered but did not abolish the carbon flow; this resulted in a lower content of tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates. GOGAT activity was inhibited by several organic-acids and methionine sulphone (MSF). The higher growth rate of the glycine-resistant mutant on ammonium or on ammonium plus glycine, serine or MS was explained by an increased capacity of GOGAT to synthesize glutamate due to a lower content of inhibitory tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates; the higher glutamate content overcomes the effect of the GS inhibitors and explains the MSF resistance of the mutant.


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