SUMMARY: Ethanol induced small amounts of cytochrome P-450 in NCYC 754 under conditions in which it is not normally detectable. Moreover, in non-growing yeast the existing cytochrome P-450 content was increased by 50% at a limited range of glucose concentrations (8-12% in 0-1 M-potassium phosphate buffer, pH 7·0), in which ethanol is produced by fermentation, possibly at an optimum concentration for induction of cytochrome P-450. Added alkanols, other than ethanol, caused rapid degradation of cytochrome P-450 in non-growing yeast; the rate of loss was directly related to the lipid solubility of the alkanol. Ethanol therefore favoured the accumulation of cytochrome P-450 in yeast; this may be related to an important putative role of one of the isoenzymes in ethanol-tolerance of the yeast, by the oxidative removal of ethanol from the endoplasmic reticulum of the cell. It is the accumulation of dissolved oxygen, rather than ethanol, that occurs on cessation of yeast growth that is likely to trigger the rapid disappearance of cytochrome P-450 observed at this time.


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