SUMMARY: Two antibiotic-resistant mutants of (AZT-R and AMA-R), obtained by selection with aztreonam and carumonam, were studied. Both mutants were resistant to β-lactam antibiotics. In addition, AMA-R was also resistant to chloramphenicol, trimethoprim and brodimoprim, whereas AZT-R was hypersensitive to these compounds. Cytoplasmic and outer membranes of these bacteria were separated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Analysis of the outer membranes using SDS-PAGE showed marked changes in the bands corresponding to the porins (between 35 and 40 kDa). In the two mutants, the 39 kDa band was reduced to approximately 30% of the wild-type and the 36.5 kDa band was absent. Labelling of the outer membranes with the hydrophobic photolabel 3-(trifluoromethyl)-3-(-[I]iodo-phenyl)diazirine ([I]TID) enabled the above bands as well as a 28.8 kDa band to be identified as integral membrane proteins, thus supporting the suggestion that they correspond to porins and OmpA protein, respectively. Whereas the changes observed in outer-membrane proteins are assumed to be responsible for resistance to β-lactam antibiotics, the basis of hyper-sensitivity of AZT-R to hydrophobic antibiotics remains to be more clearly defined.


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