SUMMARY: Both NAD- and NADP-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH) (EC activities were detected in glucose-grown cells of strain PAO. After growth on gluconeogenic substrates such as citrate, the activity of the NAD-G3PDH was reduced severalfold in contrast to little change for the NADP-G3PDH. The two G3PDH activities could be separated by ammonium sulphate fractionation. PAGE revealed the presence of two G3PDH isoenzymes of 140 (NADP-specific) and 315 (NAD-specific) kDa. Slight differences were observed in the thermostabilities and pH optima of the two enzymes whereas the regulation of their activities by various compounds varied strongly. The NADP-G3PDH enzyme was activated by ATP, reduced NAD, and fructose 6-phosphate. It was inhibited by fructose 1,6-diphosphate and 6-phosphogluconate. The NAD-G3PDH enzyme was inhibited by ATP, reduced NAD, and 6-phosphogluconate; it was slightly activated by reduced NADP. The possible roles of these isoenzymes in the control of hexose catabolism and gluconeogenesis in are discussed.


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