SUMMARY: A variety of biologically important pyridine nucleotides and precursors were examined for their capacities to satisfy the V-factor requirement of 30 strains of porcine haemophili. Of the compounds tested, only NAD, NMN and nicotinamide riboside (NR) supported the growth of all strains; NADP supported the growth of only the type strain of Further studies with the type strain and the neotype strain of demonstrated that, during growth, these organisms exhibited affinities for NMN that were greater than those for NAD; the affinity of for NR was similar to that for NMN, whereas exhibited relatively low affinity for NR. With either organism, equimolar amounts of NAD and NMN supported the production of approximately equal amounts of biomass whereas growth yields were substantially lower when NR was the pyridine nucleotide source. When either organism was grown in the presence of excess exogenous [-C]NAD, cessation of growth was accompanied by the apparent exhaustion of the NAD supply. Approximately 80% of the radioactivity added as [C]NAD could be recovered as extracellular [C]nicotinamide and the majority of the assimilated radioactive material was present intracellularly in the form of a [C]NAD(P) pool. The results are discussed in terms of the structural features required of a pyridine compound for it to support the growth of porcine haemophili, the capacity of these organisms to compete for pyridine nucleotide sources , and possible mechanisms involved in the assimilation of such compounds.


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