1887

Abstract

Predictions based on a general model of surface components involved in gliding motility of along with characteristics of previously isolated nonspreading mutants of led us to suspect that isolation of such mutants could be accomplished by selecting for nonadherent or nonhydrophobic mutants. Accordingly, conditions were devised to select for mutants that failed to attach to cheesecloth suspended in growth media and for mutants that failed to adhere to -hexadecane droplets. Populations of cells obtained from both selection procedures were screened for mutants producing nonspreading colonies. Both techniques resulted in enrichment for nonspreading mutants that were classified by previously established criteria as MNS (motile nonspreading), CNS (conditional nonspreading) or TNM (truly nonmotile). When assayed for adherence and hydrophobicity, all TNM mutants were nonadherent and nonhydrophobic, compared with wild-type cells. Most mutants of the other two classes were unchanged with respect to these properties. Results from subjecting cells of four other strains of gliding bacteria to selection by the same procedures indicate that the methods will be broadly applicable for isolating nonspreading mutants of gliding bacteria.

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1985-04-01
2021-10-19
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